The Plantation Paradigm: colonial agronomy, African farmers and the global cocoa boom, 1870s-1940s

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The Plantation Paradigm : colonial agronomy, African farmers and the global cocoa boom, 1870s-1940s. / Ross, Corey.

In: Journal of Global History, Vol. 9, No. 1, 03.2014, p. 49-71.

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@article{b3c386a4b77843c8916f91a4547bb324,
title = "The Plantation Paradigm: colonial agronomy, African farmers and the global cocoa boom, 1870s-1940s",
abstract = "This article investigates the powerful normative role of plantation-oriented agricultural practices in what was arguably the premier indigenous crop revolution of the colonial era: the West African cocoa boom. It traces the links between the extraordinary growth of cocoa production in the region – above all in the Gold Coast – and the longer experience of cocoa estates in other parts of the world, in particular the Caribbean, which served as a key reference point for the expanding global cocoa frontier in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In spite of the manifest competitive success of African farmers{\textquoteright} extensive agricultural practices during this period, most outside observers retained a strong partiality towards intensive production techniques under centralized European management. This article emphasizes the role played by the transcontinental exchange of ideas in sustaining the cultural authority of such cultivation techniques long after their commercial viability came into question.",
keywords = "agriculture, cocoa, environment, knowledge, plantation",
author = "Corey Ross",
year = "2014",
month = mar,
doi = "10.1017/S1740022813000491",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "49--71",
journal = "Journal of Global History",
issn = "1740-0228",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Plantation Paradigm

T2 - colonial agronomy, African farmers and the global cocoa boom, 1870s-1940s

AU - Ross, Corey

PY - 2014/3

Y1 - 2014/3

N2 - This article investigates the powerful normative role of plantation-oriented agricultural practices in what was arguably the premier indigenous crop revolution of the colonial era: the West African cocoa boom. It traces the links between the extraordinary growth of cocoa production in the region – above all in the Gold Coast – and the longer experience of cocoa estates in other parts of the world, in particular the Caribbean, which served as a key reference point for the expanding global cocoa frontier in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In spite of the manifest competitive success of African farmers’ extensive agricultural practices during this period, most outside observers retained a strong partiality towards intensive production techniques under centralized European management. This article emphasizes the role played by the transcontinental exchange of ideas in sustaining the cultural authority of such cultivation techniques long after their commercial viability came into question.

AB - This article investigates the powerful normative role of plantation-oriented agricultural practices in what was arguably the premier indigenous crop revolution of the colonial era: the West African cocoa boom. It traces the links between the extraordinary growth of cocoa production in the region – above all in the Gold Coast – and the longer experience of cocoa estates in other parts of the world, in particular the Caribbean, which served as a key reference point for the expanding global cocoa frontier in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In spite of the manifest competitive success of African farmers’ extensive agricultural practices during this period, most outside observers retained a strong partiality towards intensive production techniques under centralized European management. This article emphasizes the role played by the transcontinental exchange of ideas in sustaining the cultural authority of such cultivation techniques long after their commercial viability came into question.

KW - agriculture

KW - cocoa

KW - environment

KW - knowledge

KW - plantation

U2 - 10.1017/S1740022813000491

DO - 10.1017/S1740022813000491

M3 - Article

VL - 9

SP - 49

EP - 71

JO - Journal of Global History

JF - Journal of Global History

SN - 1740-0228

IS - 1

ER -