The microscopic structure of charge density waves in underdoped YBa2Cu3O6.54 revealed by X-ray diffraction

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • J Chang
  • L Bouchenoire
  • S D Brown
  • Ruixing Liang
  • D Bonn
  • W N Hardy
  • N B Christensen
  • M V Zimmermann
  • M Hücker
  • S M Hayden

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Physik-Institut, Universität Zürich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, CH-8057 Zürich
  • XMaS, European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, B.P. 220, Grenoble F-38043
  • University of Liverpool
  • University of British Columbia
  • Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Kongens Lyngby
  • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22603 Hamburg
  • Condensed Matter Physics & Materials Science Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973
  • University of Bristol


Charge density wave (CDW) order appears throughout the underdoped high-temperature cuprate superconductors, but the underlying symmetry breaking and the origin of the CDW remain unclear. We use X-ray diffraction to determine the microscopic structure of the CDWs in an archetypical cuprate YBa2Cu3O6.54 at its superconducting transition temperature ∼60 K. We find that the CDWs in this material break the mirror symmetry of the CuO2 bilayers. The ionic displacements in the CDWs have two components, which are perpendicular and parallel to the CuO2 planes, and are out of phase with each other. The planar oxygen atoms have the largest displacements, perpendicular to the CuO2 planes. Our results allow many electronic properties of the underdoped cuprates to be understood. For instance, the CDWs will lead to local variations in the electronic structure, giving an explicit explanation of density-wave states with broken symmetry observed in scanning tunnelling microscopy and soft X-ray measurements.


Original languageEnglish
Article number10064
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas