The malaise of the squeezed middle: Challenging the narrative of the ‘left behind’ Brexiter

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The malaise of the squeezed middle: Challenging the narrative of the ‘left behind’ Brexiter. / Antonucci, Lorenza; Horvath, Laszlo; Kutiyski, Yordan; Krouwel, Andre.

In: Competition and Change, Vol. 21, No. 3, 01.06.2017, p. 211-229.

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Antonucci, Lorenza ; Horvath, Laszlo ; Kutiyski, Yordan ; Krouwel, Andre. / The malaise of the squeezed middle: Challenging the narrative of the ‘left behind’ Brexiter. In: Competition and Change. 2017 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 211-229.

Bibtex

@article{537e5150d0b84fa8900015d0fcde9072,
title = "The malaise of the squeezed middle:: Challenging the narrative of the {\textquoteleft}left behind{\textquoteright} Brexiter",
abstract = "The result of the referendum in the United Kingdom in 2016 to leave the European Union sparked much interest on the socio-economic characteristics of {\textquoteleft}Brexiters{\textquoteright}. In this article, we challenge the popularized view of the Leave voter as an outsider and find that individuals from an intermediate class, whose malaise is due to a declining financial position, represent an important segment of the Brexit vote. We use individual-level data from a post-Brexit survey based on the British Election Study. Our analysis tests three predictive models. First, although our analysis confirms the negative association between education and Leave vote, we find that voting Leave is associated more with intermediate levels of education than with low or absent education, in particular in the presence of a perceived declining economic position. Secondly, we find that Brexiters hold distinct psycho-social features of malaise due to declining economic conditions, rather than anxiety or anger. Thirdly, our exploratory model finds voting Leave associated with self-identification as middle class, rather than with working class. We also find that intermediate levels of income were not more likely to vote for remain than low income groups. Overall our analysis of the Brexit vote underlines the importance of considering the political behaviour of the declining middle.",
keywords = "Brexit , squeezed middle , globalization , left behind , inequality",
author = "Lorenza Antonucci and Laszlo Horvath and Yordan Kutiyski and Andre Krouwel",
year = "2017",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/1024529417704135",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "211--229",
journal = "Competition and Change",
issn = "1024-5294",
publisher = "Maney Publishing",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The malaise of the squeezed middle:

T2 - Challenging the narrative of the ‘left behind’ Brexiter

AU - Antonucci, Lorenza

AU - Horvath, Laszlo

AU - Kutiyski, Yordan

AU - Krouwel, Andre

PY - 2017/6/1

Y1 - 2017/6/1

N2 - The result of the referendum in the United Kingdom in 2016 to leave the European Union sparked much interest on the socio-economic characteristics of ‘Brexiters’. In this article, we challenge the popularized view of the Leave voter as an outsider and find that individuals from an intermediate class, whose malaise is due to a declining financial position, represent an important segment of the Brexit vote. We use individual-level data from a post-Brexit survey based on the British Election Study. Our analysis tests three predictive models. First, although our analysis confirms the negative association between education and Leave vote, we find that voting Leave is associated more with intermediate levels of education than with low or absent education, in particular in the presence of a perceived declining economic position. Secondly, we find that Brexiters hold distinct psycho-social features of malaise due to declining economic conditions, rather than anxiety or anger. Thirdly, our exploratory model finds voting Leave associated with self-identification as middle class, rather than with working class. We also find that intermediate levels of income were not more likely to vote for remain than low income groups. Overall our analysis of the Brexit vote underlines the importance of considering the political behaviour of the declining middle.

AB - The result of the referendum in the United Kingdom in 2016 to leave the European Union sparked much interest on the socio-economic characteristics of ‘Brexiters’. In this article, we challenge the popularized view of the Leave voter as an outsider and find that individuals from an intermediate class, whose malaise is due to a declining financial position, represent an important segment of the Brexit vote. We use individual-level data from a post-Brexit survey based on the British Election Study. Our analysis tests three predictive models. First, although our analysis confirms the negative association between education and Leave vote, we find that voting Leave is associated more with intermediate levels of education than with low or absent education, in particular in the presence of a perceived declining economic position. Secondly, we find that Brexiters hold distinct psycho-social features of malaise due to declining economic conditions, rather than anxiety or anger. Thirdly, our exploratory model finds voting Leave associated with self-identification as middle class, rather than with working class. We also find that intermediate levels of income were not more likely to vote for remain than low income groups. Overall our analysis of the Brexit vote underlines the importance of considering the political behaviour of the declining middle.

KW - Brexit

KW - squeezed middle

KW - globalization

KW - left behind

KW - inequality

UR - http://tees.openrepository.com/tees/handle/10149/621169

U2 - 10.1177/1024529417704135

DO - 10.1177/1024529417704135

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 211

EP - 229

JO - Competition and Change

JF - Competition and Change

SN - 1024-5294

IS - 3

ER -