The low temperature microwave properties of GdBa₂Cu₃O₇₋δ and Sr₂RuO₄

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Authors

Abstract

Measurements of the microwave surface resistance R-s and reactance X-s of GdBa2Cu3O7-delta and Sr2RuO4 single crystals are reported in the temperature range 0.4 to 25 K at frequencies from 10 to 20 GHz, using a hollow dielectric resonator technique. The GdBa2Cu3O7-delta measurements are interpreted in terms of antiferromagnetic alignment of the Gd spins, resulting in a Neel transition at 2.25 K, with a strongly temperature spin relaxation time both above and below the transition. Above T-c = 1.45 K, the normal state surface impedance of the suspected p-wave superconductor Sr2RuO4 agrees rather well with that expected from de measurements; however, below T-c, we observe an unusual increase in the surface reactance, which we attribute to a long electron relaxation time. Using a two-fluid model, we obtain a normal fluid component that decreases almost linearly with temperature and extrapolates to a finite low-temperature value.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-79
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Superconductivity
Volume14
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001