The long arm of the Arab state

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The long arm of the Arab state. / Tsourapas, Gerasimos.

In: Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 43, No. 2, 26.01.2020, p. 351-370.

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@article{4a18f8f109e54e6ab1f3dc377d70156d,
title = "The long arm of the Arab state",
abstract = "Under what conditions do authoritarian states exercise control over populations abroad? The securitisation of cross-border mobility has been a common theme in examining immigration policies in the Global North. The securitisation of emigration and diasporas in non-democratic contexts remains neglected; this is particularly true with regard to Arab states{\textquoteright} extraterritorial authoritarian practices. This article argues that authoritarian states develop a range of migration policies that are driven by the contradictory pressures of economic and political imperatives or, put differently, an illiberal paradox: if a state does not expect economic gains from cross-border mobility, it is more likely to securitise its emigration policy; otherwise, it is more likely to securitise its diaspora policy. The article illustrates this trade-off via a most-similar comparison of Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, and Morocco. Drawing on Arabic and non-Arabic primary and secondary sources, it sketches a novel area of research on migration and security.",
keywords = "Authoritarianism, migration, Middle East, North Africa, diasporas, securitisation",
author = "Gerasimos Tsourapas",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1080/01419870.2019.1585558",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "351--370",
journal = "Ethnic and Racial Studies",
issn = "0141-9870",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The long arm of the Arab state

AU - Tsourapas, Gerasimos

PY - 2020/1/26

Y1 - 2020/1/26

N2 - Under what conditions do authoritarian states exercise control over populations abroad? The securitisation of cross-border mobility has been a common theme in examining immigration policies in the Global North. The securitisation of emigration and diasporas in non-democratic contexts remains neglected; this is particularly true with regard to Arab states’ extraterritorial authoritarian practices. This article argues that authoritarian states develop a range of migration policies that are driven by the contradictory pressures of economic and political imperatives or, put differently, an illiberal paradox: if a state does not expect economic gains from cross-border mobility, it is more likely to securitise its emigration policy; otherwise, it is more likely to securitise its diaspora policy. The article illustrates this trade-off via a most-similar comparison of Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, and Morocco. Drawing on Arabic and non-Arabic primary and secondary sources, it sketches a novel area of research on migration and security.

AB - Under what conditions do authoritarian states exercise control over populations abroad? The securitisation of cross-border mobility has been a common theme in examining immigration policies in the Global North. The securitisation of emigration and diasporas in non-democratic contexts remains neglected; this is particularly true with regard to Arab states’ extraterritorial authoritarian practices. This article argues that authoritarian states develop a range of migration policies that are driven by the contradictory pressures of economic and political imperatives or, put differently, an illiberal paradox: if a state does not expect economic gains from cross-border mobility, it is more likely to securitise its emigration policy; otherwise, it is more likely to securitise its diaspora policy. The article illustrates this trade-off via a most-similar comparison of Algeria, Libya, Tunisia, and Morocco. Drawing on Arabic and non-Arabic primary and secondary sources, it sketches a novel area of research on migration and security.

KW - Authoritarianism

KW - migration

KW - Middle East

KW - North Africa

KW - diasporas

KW - securitisation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063550207&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/01419870.2019.1585558

DO - 10.1080/01419870.2019.1585558

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 351

EP - 370

JO - Ethnic and Racial Studies

JF - Ethnic and Racial Studies

SN - 0141-9870

IS - 2

ER -