The legitimation of wife abuse among women: The impact of belief in a just world and gender identification

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The legitimation of wife abuse among women : The impact of belief in a just world and gender identification. / Correia, Isabel; Alves, Hélder; Morais, Rita; Ribeiro Da Silva Taborda Ramos, Miguel Rui.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 76, 04.2015, p. 7-12.

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@article{bcb8751db1864f148c0b198045345220,
title = "The legitimation of wife abuse among women: The impact of belief in a just world and gender identification",
abstract = "Past research has found that when victims are ingroup members, observers{\textquoteright} social identification interacts with general belief in a just world (GBJW) to predict judgments about those victims. In this correlational study (N = 284 women, ages from 18 to 80) we aimed to test whether and how women{\textquoteright}s explicit endorsement of BJW, both personal belief in a just world (PBJW) and GBJW, interacts with their identification as women to predict wife abuse legitimization.We predicted and found that the interaction between PBJW and social identification predicted legitimization of wife abuse. Specifically, for highly identified women, PBJW was positively associated with wife abuse legitimization, for less identified women, PBJW was not associated with wife abuse legitimization. This interaction was significant above and beyond other variables associated with this phenomenon: hostile and benevolent sexism, empathy (cognitive and emotional), and social desirability. On the contrary, the interaction between GBJW and social identification was a nonsignificant predictor of legitimization of wife abuse. These results contribute to reconceptualize the role of PBJW and GBJW on judgments about victims and to highlight the importance of considering the victimization situations in the social context and the social groups in which they actually occur.",
keywords = "Belief in a just world, Social identification, Victimization, Wife abuse legitimization",
author = "Isabel Correia and H{\'e}lder Alves and Rita Morais and {Ribeiro Da Silva Taborda Ramos}, {Miguel Rui}",
year = "2015",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.041",
language = "English",
volume = "76",
pages = "7--12",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The legitimation of wife abuse among women

T2 - The impact of belief in a just world and gender identification

AU - Correia, Isabel

AU - Alves, Hélder

AU - Morais, Rita

AU - Ribeiro Da Silva Taborda Ramos, Miguel Rui

PY - 2015/4

Y1 - 2015/4

N2 - Past research has found that when victims are ingroup members, observers’ social identification interacts with general belief in a just world (GBJW) to predict judgments about those victims. In this correlational study (N = 284 women, ages from 18 to 80) we aimed to test whether and how women’s explicit endorsement of BJW, both personal belief in a just world (PBJW) and GBJW, interacts with their identification as women to predict wife abuse legitimization.We predicted and found that the interaction between PBJW and social identification predicted legitimization of wife abuse. Specifically, for highly identified women, PBJW was positively associated with wife abuse legitimization, for less identified women, PBJW was not associated with wife abuse legitimization. This interaction was significant above and beyond other variables associated with this phenomenon: hostile and benevolent sexism, empathy (cognitive and emotional), and social desirability. On the contrary, the interaction between GBJW and social identification was a nonsignificant predictor of legitimization of wife abuse. These results contribute to reconceptualize the role of PBJW and GBJW on judgments about victims and to highlight the importance of considering the victimization situations in the social context and the social groups in which they actually occur.

AB - Past research has found that when victims are ingroup members, observers’ social identification interacts with general belief in a just world (GBJW) to predict judgments about those victims. In this correlational study (N = 284 women, ages from 18 to 80) we aimed to test whether and how women’s explicit endorsement of BJW, both personal belief in a just world (PBJW) and GBJW, interacts with their identification as women to predict wife abuse legitimization.We predicted and found that the interaction between PBJW and social identification predicted legitimization of wife abuse. Specifically, for highly identified women, PBJW was positively associated with wife abuse legitimization, for less identified women, PBJW was not associated with wife abuse legitimization. This interaction was significant above and beyond other variables associated with this phenomenon: hostile and benevolent sexism, empathy (cognitive and emotional), and social desirability. On the contrary, the interaction between GBJW and social identification was a nonsignificant predictor of legitimization of wife abuse. These results contribute to reconceptualize the role of PBJW and GBJW on judgments about victims and to highlight the importance of considering the victimization situations in the social context and the social groups in which they actually occur.

KW - Belief in a just world

KW - Social identification

KW - Victimization

KW - Wife abuse legitimization

U2 - 10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.041

DO - 10.1016/j.paid.2014.11.041

M3 - Article

VL - 76

SP - 7

EP - 12

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

ER -