The interaction of the brominated flame retardant: Tetrabromobisphenol A with phospholipid membranes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is one of the most widely used members of the family of brominated flame retardants (BFRs). BFRs, including TBBPA have been shown to be widely distributed within the environment and there is growing evidence of their bio-accumulation within animals and man. Toxicological studies have shown that TBBPA can be harmful to cells by modulating a number of cell signalling processes. In this study, we employed fluorescence spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry to investigate the interaction of TBBPA with phospholipid membranes, as this is the most likely route for it to influence membrane-associated cellular processes. TBBPA readily and randomly partitions throughout all regions of the phospholipid bilayer with high efficacy {partition coefficient, (Log K-p) = 5.7 +/- 0.7}. A decrease in membrane fluidity in both liquid-crystalline and gel-phase membranes was detected at concentrations of TBBPA as low as 2.5 mu M. TBBPA also decreases the phase transition temperature of dipalmitoyl phoshatidylcholine (DPPC) membranes and broadened transition peaks, in a fashion similar to that for cholesterol. TBBPA, however, also prefers to partition into membrane regions not too highly enriched with cholesterol. Our findings therefore suggests that, the toxic effects of TBBPA, may at least in part, be due to its lipid membrane binding/perturbing effects, which in turn, could influence biological processes involving cell membranes. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1559-1566
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes
Volume1768
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2007

Keywords

  • fluorescence spectroscopy, brominated flame retardant, membrane fluidity, phospholipid, differential scanning calorimetry, tetrabromobisphenol A