The impact of local surface changes in Borneo on atmospheric composition at wider spatial scales: Coastal processes, land-use change and air quality
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We present results fromtheOP3 campaign in Sabah during 2008 that allowus to study the impact of localemission changes over Borneo on atmospheric composition at the regional andwider scale. OP3 constituentdata provide an important constraint onmodel performance. Treatment of boundary layer processes is highlighted as an important area of model uncertainty.Model studies of land-use change confirm earlierwork, indicating that further changes to intensive oil palm agriculture in South EastAsia, and the tropics ingeneral, could have important impacts on air quality, with the biggest factor being the concomitantchanges in NO emissions. With the model scenarios used here, local increases in ozone of around 50per cent could occur. We also report measurements of short-lived brominated compounds aroundSabah suggesting that oceanic (and, especially, coastal) emission sources dominate locally. The concentrationof bromine in short-lived halocarbons measured at the surface during OP3 amounted to about7 ppt, setting an upper limit on the amount of these species that can reach the lower stratosphere. © 2011 The Royal Society.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Royal Society of London. Philosophical Transactions B. Biological Sciences|
|Early online date||17 Oct 2011|
|Publication status||Published - 27 Nov 2011|
- Atmospheric modeling, Biogenic organic compounds, Isoprene, Rainforest, Tropospheric ozone