The Idea of a Scientific Discipline: Rudolf von Eitelberger and the Emergence of Art History in Vienna, 1847-1873

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Colleges, School and Institutes


This essay examines the early history of the Vienna School of Art History. It focuses in particular on the role of Rudolf von Eitelberger in establishing the parameters of art-historical inquiry, and the ideological, social and political forces that shaped his ideas. It interprets Eitelberger and his contemporaries in the light of positivist definitions of scientifi city (Wissenschaftlichkeit) in the mid-nineteenth century. It considers the development of art history in Vienna at this time in terms of the processes of institutionalization, highlighting not only questions of method, but also the formation of disciplinary protocols and the institutional infrastructure for the discipline.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-+
JournalArt History
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011