The histone-deacetylase-inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid promotes dental pulp repair mechanisms through modulation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 activity

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The histone-deacetylase-inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid promotes dental pulp repair mechanisms through modulation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 activity. / Duncan, Henry; Smith, Anthony; Fleming, Garry James P.; Partridge, Nicola C.; Shimizu, Emi; Moran, Gary P.; Cooper, Paul.

In: Journal of Cellular Physiology, Vol. 231, No. 4, 04.2016, p. 798-816.

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@article{92c12382fe474cc781caa4aff7d7bfb9,
title = "The histone-deacetylase-inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid promotes dental pulp repair mechanisms through modulation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 activity",
abstract = "Direct application of histone-deacetylase-inhibitors (HDACis) to dental pulp cells (DPCs) induces chromatin changes, promoting gene expression and cellular-reparative events. We have previously demonstrated that HDACis (Valproic acid, Trichostatin A) increase mineralization in dental papillae-derived cell-lines and primary DPCs by stimulation of dentinogenic gene expression. Here, we investigated novel genes regulated by the HDACi, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), to identify new pathways contributing to DPC differentiation. SAHA significantly compromised DPC viability only at relatively high concentrations (5μM); while low concentrations (1μM) SAHA did not increase apoptosis. HDACi-exposure for 24h induced mineralization-per-cell dose-dependently after 2 weeks; however, constant 14d SAHA-exposure inhibited mineralization. Microarray analysis (24h and 14d) of SAHA exposed cultures highlighted that 764 transcripts showed a significant >2.0-fold change at 24h, which reduced to 36 genes at 14d. 59% of genes were down-regulated at 24h and 36% at 14d, respectively. Pathway analysis indicated SAHA increased expression of members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. Furthermore, SAHA-supplementation increased MMP-13 protein expression (7d, 14 d) and enzyme activity (48h, 14d). Selective MMP-13-inhibition (MMP-13i) dosedependently accelerated mineralization in both SAHA-treated and non-treated cultures. MMP-13isupplementation promoted expression of several mineralization-associated markers, however, HDACi induced cell migration and wound healing were impaired. Data demonstrate that short-term low-dose SAHA-exposure promotes mineralization in DPCs by modulating gene pathways and tissue proteases. MMP-13i further increased mineralization-associated events, but decreased HDACi cell migration indicating a specific role for MMP-13 in pulpal repair processes. Pharmacological inhibition of HDAC and MMP may provide novel insights into pulpal repair processes with significant translational benefit.",
keywords = "Histone-deacetylase-inhibitor, Epigenetics, matrix metalloproteinase, cellular differentiation, mineralization, Gene Expression",
author = "Henry Duncan and Anthony Smith and Fleming, {Garry James P.} and Partridge, {Nicola C.} and Emi Shimizu and Moran, {Gary P.} and Paul Cooper",
year = "2016",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1002/jcp.25128",
language = "English",
volume = "231",
pages = "798--816",
journal = "Journal of Cellular Physiology",
issn = "0021-9541",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The histone-deacetylase-inhibitor suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid promotes dental pulp repair mechanisms through modulation of matrix metalloproteinase-13 activity

AU - Duncan, Henry

AU - Smith, Anthony

AU - Fleming, Garry James P.

AU - Partridge, Nicola C.

AU - Shimizu, Emi

AU - Moran, Gary P.

AU - Cooper, Paul

PY - 2016/4

Y1 - 2016/4

N2 - Direct application of histone-deacetylase-inhibitors (HDACis) to dental pulp cells (DPCs) induces chromatin changes, promoting gene expression and cellular-reparative events. We have previously demonstrated that HDACis (Valproic acid, Trichostatin A) increase mineralization in dental papillae-derived cell-lines and primary DPCs by stimulation of dentinogenic gene expression. Here, we investigated novel genes regulated by the HDACi, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), to identify new pathways contributing to DPC differentiation. SAHA significantly compromised DPC viability only at relatively high concentrations (5μM); while low concentrations (1μM) SAHA did not increase apoptosis. HDACi-exposure for 24h induced mineralization-per-cell dose-dependently after 2 weeks; however, constant 14d SAHA-exposure inhibited mineralization. Microarray analysis (24h and 14d) of SAHA exposed cultures highlighted that 764 transcripts showed a significant >2.0-fold change at 24h, which reduced to 36 genes at 14d. 59% of genes were down-regulated at 24h and 36% at 14d, respectively. Pathway analysis indicated SAHA increased expression of members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. Furthermore, SAHA-supplementation increased MMP-13 protein expression (7d, 14 d) and enzyme activity (48h, 14d). Selective MMP-13-inhibition (MMP-13i) dosedependently accelerated mineralization in both SAHA-treated and non-treated cultures. MMP-13isupplementation promoted expression of several mineralization-associated markers, however, HDACi induced cell migration and wound healing were impaired. Data demonstrate that short-term low-dose SAHA-exposure promotes mineralization in DPCs by modulating gene pathways and tissue proteases. MMP-13i further increased mineralization-associated events, but decreased HDACi cell migration indicating a specific role for MMP-13 in pulpal repair processes. Pharmacological inhibition of HDAC and MMP may provide novel insights into pulpal repair processes with significant translational benefit.

AB - Direct application of histone-deacetylase-inhibitors (HDACis) to dental pulp cells (DPCs) induces chromatin changes, promoting gene expression and cellular-reparative events. We have previously demonstrated that HDACis (Valproic acid, Trichostatin A) increase mineralization in dental papillae-derived cell-lines and primary DPCs by stimulation of dentinogenic gene expression. Here, we investigated novel genes regulated by the HDACi, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), to identify new pathways contributing to DPC differentiation. SAHA significantly compromised DPC viability only at relatively high concentrations (5μM); while low concentrations (1μM) SAHA did not increase apoptosis. HDACi-exposure for 24h induced mineralization-per-cell dose-dependently after 2 weeks; however, constant 14d SAHA-exposure inhibited mineralization. Microarray analysis (24h and 14d) of SAHA exposed cultures highlighted that 764 transcripts showed a significant >2.0-fold change at 24h, which reduced to 36 genes at 14d. 59% of genes were down-regulated at 24h and 36% at 14d, respectively. Pathway analysis indicated SAHA increased expression of members of the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) family. Furthermore, SAHA-supplementation increased MMP-13 protein expression (7d, 14 d) and enzyme activity (48h, 14d). Selective MMP-13-inhibition (MMP-13i) dosedependently accelerated mineralization in both SAHA-treated and non-treated cultures. MMP-13isupplementation promoted expression of several mineralization-associated markers, however, HDACi induced cell migration and wound healing were impaired. Data demonstrate that short-term low-dose SAHA-exposure promotes mineralization in DPCs by modulating gene pathways and tissue proteases. MMP-13i further increased mineralization-associated events, but decreased HDACi cell migration indicating a specific role for MMP-13 in pulpal repair processes. Pharmacological inhibition of HDAC and MMP may provide novel insights into pulpal repair processes with significant translational benefit.

KW - Histone-deacetylase-inhibitor

KW - Epigenetics

KW - matrix metalloproteinase

KW - cellular differentiation

KW - mineralization

KW - Gene Expression

U2 - 10.1002/jcp.25128

DO - 10.1002/jcp.25128

M3 - Article

VL - 231

SP - 798

EP - 816

JO - Journal of Cellular Physiology

JF - Journal of Cellular Physiology

SN - 0021-9541

IS - 4

ER -