The expression profile of Escherichia coli K-12 in response to minimal, optimal and excess copper concentrations

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes


The gene expression profile of Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 grown in minimal medium supplemented with elevated copper concentrations (as copper-glycine) has been analysed using whole-genome oligonucleotide microarrays. At 750 muM copper-glycine, the expression of both the cue and cus copper-export systems is evident. At near-lethal copper concentrations (2 mM copper-glycine), the expression of these two regulons increases significantly. Other regulons with increased transcription in response to elevated concentrations of copper-glycine include those for the superoxide stress response, iron homeostasis, and envelope stress. Furthermore, a variety of ORFs with decreased expression in response to increased copper-glycine has been identified, including the zinc ABC transporter and genes involved in the chemotactic response.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1187-1198
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005