The expression and assessment of emotions and internal states in individuals with severe or profound intellectual disabilities.

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The expression of emotions and internal states by individuals with severe or profound intellectual disabilities is a comparatively under-researched area. Comprehensive or standardized methods of assessing or understanding the emotions and internal states within this population, whose ability to communicate is significantly compromised, do not exist. The literature base will be discussed and compared to that applicable to the general population. Methods of assessing broader internal states, notably depression, anxiety, and pain within severe or profound intellectual disabilities are also addressed. Finally, this review will examine methods of assessing internal states within genetic syndromes, including hunger, social anxiety, and happiness within Prader-Willi, Fragile-X and Angelman syndrome. This will allow for identification of robust methodologies used in assessing the expression of these internal states, some of which may be useful when considering how to assess emotions within individuals with intellectual disabilities.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-306
Number of pages14
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2011