The Environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): numerical analysis of palaeoecological data from Gölhisar, southwest Turkey

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The Environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): numerical analysis of palaeoecological data from Gölhisar, southwest Turkey. / Eastwood, Warren; Tibby, JC; Roberts, N; Birks, HJB; Lamb, HF.

In: The Holocene, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.07.2002, p. 431-444.

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@article{76ed99d58f9f462781684cd90ede7e5b,
title = "The Environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): numerical analysis of palaeoecological data from G{\"o}lhisar, southwest Turkey",
abstract = "A tephra layer originating from the mid-second millennium BC (similar to3300 C-14 yr BP) 'Minoan' eruption of Santorini (or Thera) in the Aegean has been found in take sediments at Golhisar in southwest Turkey. Microstratigraphic analyses of tephra shard concentration (TSC), pollen, diatoms. sponge spicules and non-siliceous microfossils in sediments from Golhisar permit the impact of this major volcanic eruption on terrestrial and aquatic biota to be investigated quantitatively. Partial redundancy analysis and associated Monte Carlo permutation tests suggest that TSC alone cannot be shown to have had a demonstrable independent and statistically significant effect on terrestrial pollen, non-siliceous microfossil or diatom assemblages. The lack of any clear, discernible change in the terrestrial pollen composition following tephra deposition suggests that there was minimal impact on regional vegetation over decadal-to-century timescales. However, evidence that the deposition of Santorini tephra may have had an impact on the lake system comes from the combined effect of lithology and TSC (which significantly covary) that explains a significant amount of variance in the aquatic data sets. In particular, diatoms and non-siliceous algae show increases in concentration following tephra deposition, exhibiting what appear to be +/-decadal response times to perturbation. These imply enhanced lake productivity due to accelerated input of silica and other nutrients following tephra dissolution.",
keywords = "variance partitioning, pollen, diatoms, Thera, Monte Carlo permutation tests, late Holocene, Santorini, redundancy analysis, Minoan, volcanic impact",
author = "Warren Eastwood and JC Tibby and N Roberts and HJB Birks and HF Lamb",
year = "2002",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1191/0959683602hl557rp",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "431--444",
journal = "The Holocene",
issn = "0959-6836",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Environmental impact of the Minoan eruption of Santorini (Thera): numerical analysis of palaeoecological data from Gölhisar, southwest Turkey

AU - Eastwood, Warren

AU - Tibby, JC

AU - Roberts, N

AU - Birks, HJB

AU - Lamb, HF

PY - 2002/7/1

Y1 - 2002/7/1

N2 - A tephra layer originating from the mid-second millennium BC (similar to3300 C-14 yr BP) 'Minoan' eruption of Santorini (or Thera) in the Aegean has been found in take sediments at Golhisar in southwest Turkey. Microstratigraphic analyses of tephra shard concentration (TSC), pollen, diatoms. sponge spicules and non-siliceous microfossils in sediments from Golhisar permit the impact of this major volcanic eruption on terrestrial and aquatic biota to be investigated quantitatively. Partial redundancy analysis and associated Monte Carlo permutation tests suggest that TSC alone cannot be shown to have had a demonstrable independent and statistically significant effect on terrestrial pollen, non-siliceous microfossil or diatom assemblages. The lack of any clear, discernible change in the terrestrial pollen composition following tephra deposition suggests that there was minimal impact on regional vegetation over decadal-to-century timescales. However, evidence that the deposition of Santorini tephra may have had an impact on the lake system comes from the combined effect of lithology and TSC (which significantly covary) that explains a significant amount of variance in the aquatic data sets. In particular, diatoms and non-siliceous algae show increases in concentration following tephra deposition, exhibiting what appear to be +/-decadal response times to perturbation. These imply enhanced lake productivity due to accelerated input of silica and other nutrients following tephra dissolution.

AB - A tephra layer originating from the mid-second millennium BC (similar to3300 C-14 yr BP) 'Minoan' eruption of Santorini (or Thera) in the Aegean has been found in take sediments at Golhisar in southwest Turkey. Microstratigraphic analyses of tephra shard concentration (TSC), pollen, diatoms. sponge spicules and non-siliceous microfossils in sediments from Golhisar permit the impact of this major volcanic eruption on terrestrial and aquatic biota to be investigated quantitatively. Partial redundancy analysis and associated Monte Carlo permutation tests suggest that TSC alone cannot be shown to have had a demonstrable independent and statistically significant effect on terrestrial pollen, non-siliceous microfossil or diatom assemblages. The lack of any clear, discernible change in the terrestrial pollen composition following tephra deposition suggests that there was minimal impact on regional vegetation over decadal-to-century timescales. However, evidence that the deposition of Santorini tephra may have had an impact on the lake system comes from the combined effect of lithology and TSC (which significantly covary) that explains a significant amount of variance in the aquatic data sets. In particular, diatoms and non-siliceous algae show increases in concentration following tephra deposition, exhibiting what appear to be +/-decadal response times to perturbation. These imply enhanced lake productivity due to accelerated input of silica and other nutrients following tephra dissolution.

KW - variance partitioning

KW - pollen

KW - diatoms

KW - Thera

KW - Monte Carlo permutation tests

KW - late Holocene

KW - Santorini

KW - redundancy analysis

KW - Minoan

KW - volcanic impact

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0036309556&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1191/0959683602hl557rp

DO - 10.1191/0959683602hl557rp

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 431

EP - 444

JO - The Holocene

JF - The Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

IS - 4

ER -