The effects of passive heating and head-cooling on perception of exercise in the heat

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The capacity to perform exercise is reduced in a hot environment when compared to cooler conditions. A limiting factor appears to be a higher core body temperature (T (core)) and it has been suggested that an elevated T (core) reduces the drive to exercise, this being reflected in higher ratings of perceived exertion (RPE). The purpose of the present study was to determine whether passive heating to increase T (core) would have a detrimental effect on RPE and thermal comfort during subsequent exercise in the heat and whether head-cooling during passive heating would attenuate these unpleasant sensations of an elevated T (core) during subsequent exercise in the heat. Nine physically-active, non-heat-acclimated volunteers [6 males, 3 females; age: 21 +/- 1 year, [Formula: see text] 50 +/- 9 ml kg(-1).min(-1), peak power output: 286 +/- 43 W (mean +/- SD)] performed two 12-minute constant-load cycling tests at 70% [Formula: see text] in a warm-dry environment (34 +/- 1 degrees C, relative humidity


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-8
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2008


  • thermal comfort, perceived exertion, exercise, hyperthermia, head-cooling