The effect of secondary crystallization on crystallization kinetics – Polyethylene terephthalate revisited

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The possibility that two concurrent crystallization processes occurring during the crystallization of polymers may account for anomalous fractional values of the Avrami exponent, of no theoretical significance, is reconsidered using data from the recent evaluation of the kinetics of crystallization of poly (ethylene terephthalate) which placed emphasis on evaluating the secondary crystallization stage. In general constant n values in excess of that expected for the crystallization mechanisms could readily be interpreted in terms of the additional crystallinity developed by the secondary process and these values increased commensurate with the rate constant of secondary crystallization.

The difference in mechanisms of primary and secondary arises from differences in the mechanism of chain segment diffusion by reptation and the free energies of nucleation of the two growth steps.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-223
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
Volume81
Early online date30 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Crystallization kinetics , Secondary crystallization , Reptation , Nucleation