The effect of bilateral eye-movements versus no eye-movements on sexual fantasies

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The effect of bilateral eye-movements versus no eye-movements on sexual fantasies. / Bartels, Ross M.; Harkins, Leigh; Harrison, Samantha C.; Beard, Nikki; Beech, Anthony R.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 59, 01.06.2018, p. 107-114.

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Bartels, Ross M. ; Harkins, Leigh ; Harrison, Samantha C. ; Beard, Nikki ; Beech, Anthony R. / The effect of bilateral eye-movements versus no eye-movements on sexual fantasies. In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2018 ; Vol. 59. pp. 107-114.

Bibtex

@article{1c7af7fa9c0a49bca34ba7bd7b02725b,
title = "The effect of bilateral eye-movements versus no eye-movements on sexual fantasies",
abstract = "Background and ObjectivesBilateral eye-movements (EMs) and visual mental imagery both require working memory resources. When performed together, they compete for these resources, which can cause various forms of mental imagery to become impaired (e.g., less vivid). This study aimed to examine whether EMs impair sexual fantasies (a form of mental imagery) in the same manner.MethodsEighty undergraduates (40 males, 40 females) took part in four counterbalanced conditions: (1) EMs and an experience-based sexual fantasy; (2) EMs and an imagination-based sexual fantasy; (3) experience-based sexual fantasy only; and (4) imagination-based sexual fantasy only. In each condition, the vividness, emotionality, and arousability of the sexual fantasy were rated pre- and post-task. All three variables were predicted to decrease in the EM conditions.ResultsSexual fantasies were reported as less vivid, positive, and arousing after performing concurrent EMs relative to fantasising only, for both memory- and imagination-based sexual fantasies. There were no gender differences. Demand did not appear to account for the effects.LimitationsSelf-report measures were used rather than objective measures. Working memory taxation and capacity were not directly assessed. Also, negatively appraised sexual fantasies were not targeted and a {\textquoteleft}no intervention{\textquoteright} control was not included.ConclusionsBilateral EMs were effective at impairing the phenomenological properties of sexual mental imagery, extending the literature on EM effects. Given the potential clinical implications, future research should focus on validating and extending these results, for example, by targeting negatively appraised sexual fantasies (including problematic and offense-related) and incorporating a {\textquoteleft}no intervention{\textquoteright} condition.",
keywords = "sexual fantasy , eye-movements , mental imagery , working memory , EMDR",
author = "Bartels, {Ross M.} and Leigh Harkins and Harrison, {Samantha C.} and Nikki Beard and Beech, {Anthony R.}",
year = "2018",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.01.001",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "107--114",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of bilateral eye-movements versus no eye-movements on sexual fantasies

AU - Bartels, Ross M.

AU - Harkins, Leigh

AU - Harrison, Samantha C.

AU - Beard, Nikki

AU - Beech, Anthony R.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - Background and ObjectivesBilateral eye-movements (EMs) and visual mental imagery both require working memory resources. When performed together, they compete for these resources, which can cause various forms of mental imagery to become impaired (e.g., less vivid). This study aimed to examine whether EMs impair sexual fantasies (a form of mental imagery) in the same manner.MethodsEighty undergraduates (40 males, 40 females) took part in four counterbalanced conditions: (1) EMs and an experience-based sexual fantasy; (2) EMs and an imagination-based sexual fantasy; (3) experience-based sexual fantasy only; and (4) imagination-based sexual fantasy only. In each condition, the vividness, emotionality, and arousability of the sexual fantasy were rated pre- and post-task. All three variables were predicted to decrease in the EM conditions.ResultsSexual fantasies were reported as less vivid, positive, and arousing after performing concurrent EMs relative to fantasising only, for both memory- and imagination-based sexual fantasies. There were no gender differences. Demand did not appear to account for the effects.LimitationsSelf-report measures were used rather than objective measures. Working memory taxation and capacity were not directly assessed. Also, negatively appraised sexual fantasies were not targeted and a ‘no intervention’ control was not included.ConclusionsBilateral EMs were effective at impairing the phenomenological properties of sexual mental imagery, extending the literature on EM effects. Given the potential clinical implications, future research should focus on validating and extending these results, for example, by targeting negatively appraised sexual fantasies (including problematic and offense-related) and incorporating a ‘no intervention’ condition.

AB - Background and ObjectivesBilateral eye-movements (EMs) and visual mental imagery both require working memory resources. When performed together, they compete for these resources, which can cause various forms of mental imagery to become impaired (e.g., less vivid). This study aimed to examine whether EMs impair sexual fantasies (a form of mental imagery) in the same manner.MethodsEighty undergraduates (40 males, 40 females) took part in four counterbalanced conditions: (1) EMs and an experience-based sexual fantasy; (2) EMs and an imagination-based sexual fantasy; (3) experience-based sexual fantasy only; and (4) imagination-based sexual fantasy only. In each condition, the vividness, emotionality, and arousability of the sexual fantasy were rated pre- and post-task. All three variables were predicted to decrease in the EM conditions.ResultsSexual fantasies were reported as less vivid, positive, and arousing after performing concurrent EMs relative to fantasising only, for both memory- and imagination-based sexual fantasies. There were no gender differences. Demand did not appear to account for the effects.LimitationsSelf-report measures were used rather than objective measures. Working memory taxation and capacity were not directly assessed. Also, negatively appraised sexual fantasies were not targeted and a ‘no intervention’ control was not included.ConclusionsBilateral EMs were effective at impairing the phenomenological properties of sexual mental imagery, extending the literature on EM effects. Given the potential clinical implications, future research should focus on validating and extending these results, for example, by targeting negatively appraised sexual fantasies (including problematic and offense-related) and incorporating a ‘no intervention’ condition.

KW - sexual fantasy

KW - eye-movements

KW - mental imagery

KW - working memory

KW - EMDR

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.01.001

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.01.001

M3 - Article

VL - 59

SP - 107

EP - 114

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

ER -