The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves. / Swayne, M. I.; Maxted, P. F. L.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; Sousa, S. G.; Broeg, C.; Florén, H. -G.; Guterman, P.; Simon, A. E.; Boisse, I.; Bonfanti, A.; Martin, D.; Santerne, A.; Salmon, S.; Standing, M. R.; Grootel, V. Van; Wilson, T. G.; Alibert, Y.; Alonso, R.; Escudé, G. Anglada; Asquier, J.; Bárczy, T.; Barrado, D.; Barros, S. C. C.; Battley, M.; Baumjohann, W.; Beck, M.; Beck, T.; Bekkelien, A.; Benz, W.; Billot, N.; Bonfils, X.; Brandeker, A.; Busch, M. -D.; Cabrera, J.; Charnoz, S.; Cameron, A. Collier; Csizmadia, Sz; Davies, M. B.; Deleuil, M.; Deline, A.; Delrez, L.; Demangeon, O. D. S.; Demory, B. -O.; Dransfield, G.; Ehrenreich, D.; Erikson, A.; Fortier, A.; Fossati, L.; Fridlund, M.; Futyan, D.; Gandolfi, D.; Gillon, M.; Guedel, M.; Hébrard, G.; Heidari, N.; Hellier, C.; Heng, K.; Hobson, M.; Hoyer, S.; Isaak, K. G.; Kiss, L.; Hodzic, Vedad; Sairam, Lalitha; Laskar, J.; Etangs, A. Lecavelier des; Lendl, M.; Lovis, C.; Magrin, D.; Marafatto, L.; McCormac, J.; Miller, N.; Nascimbeni, V.; Olofsson, G.; Ottensamer, R.; Pagano, I.; Palle, E.; Peter, G.; Piotto, G.; Pollacco, D.; Queloz, D.; Ragazzoni, R.; Rando, N.; Rauer, H.; Ribas, I.; Santos, N. C.; Scandariato, G.; Ségransan, D.; Smith, A. M. S. ; Steinberger, M.; Steller, M.; Szabó, Gy M.; Thomas, N.; Udry, S.; Walter, I.; Walton, N. A.; Willett, Emma.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 506, No. 1, 09.2021, p. 306–322.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Swayne, MI, Maxted, PFL, Triaud, AHMJ, Sousa, SG, Broeg, C, Florén, H-G, Guterman, P, Simon, AE, Boisse, I, Bonfanti, A, Martin, D, Santerne, A, Salmon, S, Standing, MR, Grootel, VV, Wilson, TG, Alibert, Y, Alonso, R, Escudé, GA, Asquier, J, Bárczy, T, Barrado, D, Barros, SCC, Battley, M, Baumjohann, W, Beck, M, Beck, T, Bekkelien, A, Benz, W, Billot, N, Bonfils, X, Brandeker, A, Busch, M-D, Cabrera, J, Charnoz, S, Cameron, AC, Csizmadia, S, Davies, MB, Deleuil, M, Deline, A, Delrez, L, Demangeon, ODS, Demory, B-O, Dransfield, G, Ehrenreich, D, Erikson, A, Fortier, A, Fossati, L, Fridlund, M, Futyan, D, Gandolfi, D, Gillon, M, Guedel, M, Hébrard, G, Heidari, N, Hellier, C, Heng, K, Hobson, M, Hoyer, S, Isaak, KG, Kiss, L, Hodzic, V, Sairam, L, Laskar, J, Etangs, ALD, Lendl, M, Lovis, C, Magrin, D, Marafatto, L, McCormac, J, Miller, N, Nascimbeni, V, Olofsson, G, Ottensamer, R, Pagano, I, Palle, E, Peter, G, Piotto, G, Pollacco, D, Queloz, D, Ragazzoni, R, Rando, N, Rauer, H, Ribas, I, Santos, NC, Scandariato, G, Ségransan, D, Smith, AMS, Steinberger, M, Steller, M, Szabó, GM, Thomas, N, Udry, S, Walter, I, Walton, NA & Willett, E 2021, 'The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 506, no. 1, pp. 306–322. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1687

APA

Swayne, M. I., Maxted, P. F. L., Triaud, A. H. M. J., Sousa, S. G., Broeg, C., Florén, H. -G., Guterman, P., Simon, A. E., Boisse, I., Bonfanti, A., Martin, D., Santerne, A., Salmon, S., Standing, M. R., Grootel, V. V., Wilson, T. G., Alibert, Y., Alonso, R., Escudé, G. A., ... Willett, E. (2021). The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 506(1), 306–322. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stab1687

Vancouver

Author

Swayne, M. I. ; Maxted, P. F. L. ; Triaud, A. H. M. J. ; Sousa, S. G. ; Broeg, C. ; Florén, H. -G. ; Guterman, P. ; Simon, A. E. ; Boisse, I. ; Bonfanti, A. ; Martin, D. ; Santerne, A. ; Salmon, S. ; Standing, M. R. ; Grootel, V. Van ; Wilson, T. G. ; Alibert, Y. ; Alonso, R. ; Escudé, G. Anglada ; Asquier, J. ; Bárczy, T. ; Barrado, D. ; Barros, S. C. C. ; Battley, M. ; Baumjohann, W. ; Beck, M. ; Beck, T. ; Bekkelien, A. ; Benz, W. ; Billot, N. ; Bonfils, X. ; Brandeker, A. ; Busch, M. -D. ; Cabrera, J. ; Charnoz, S. ; Cameron, A. Collier ; Csizmadia, Sz ; Davies, M. B. ; Deleuil, M. ; Deline, A. ; Delrez, L. ; Demangeon, O. D. S. ; Demory, B. -O. ; Dransfield, G. ; Ehrenreich, D. ; Erikson, A. ; Fortier, A. ; Fossati, L. ; Fridlund, M. ; Futyan, D. ; Gandolfi, D. ; Gillon, M. ; Guedel, M. ; Hébrard, G. ; Heidari, N. ; Hellier, C. ; Heng, K. ; Hobson, M. ; Hoyer, S. ; Isaak, K. G. ; Kiss, L. ; Hodzic, Vedad ; Sairam, Lalitha ; Laskar, J. ; Etangs, A. Lecavelier des ; Lendl, M. ; Lovis, C. ; Magrin, D. ; Marafatto, L. ; McCormac, J. ; Miller, N. ; Nascimbeni, V. ; Olofsson, G. ; Ottensamer, R. ; Pagano, I. ; Palle, E. ; Peter, G. ; Piotto, G. ; Pollacco, D. ; Queloz, D. ; Ragazzoni, R. ; Rando, N. ; Rauer, H. ; Ribas, I. ; Santos, N. C. ; Scandariato, G. ; Ségransan, D. ; Smith, A. M. S. ; Steinberger, M. ; Steller, M. ; Szabó, Gy M. ; Thomas, N. ; Udry, S. ; Walter, I. ; Walton, N. A. ; Willett, Emma. / The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2021 ; Vol. 506, No. 1. pp. 306–322.

Bibtex

@article{4d1c61071ca3459fa90d2b7c76c0b00d,
title = "The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves",
abstract = " The accuracy of theoretical mass, radius and effective temperature values for M-dwarf stars is an active topic of debate. Differences between observed and theoretical values have raised the possibility that current theoretical stellar structure and evolution models are inaccurate towards the low-mass end of the main sequence. To explore this issue we use the CHEOPS satellite to obtain high-precision light curves of eclipsing binaries with low mass stellar companions. We use these light curves combined with the spectroscopic orbit for the solar-type companion to measure the mass, radius and effective temperature of the M-dwarf star. Here we present the analysis of three eclipsing binaries. We use the pycheops data analysis software to fit the observed transit and eclipse events of each system. Two of our systems were also observed by the TESS satellite -- we similarly analyse these light curves for comparison. We find consistent results between CHEOPS and TESS, presenting three stellar radii and two stellar effective temperature values of low-mass stellar objects. These initial results from our on-going observing programme with CHEOPS show that we can expect to have ~24 new mass, radius and effective temperature measurements for very low mass stars within the next few years. ",
keywords = "astro-ph.SR, astro-ph.EP, techniques: photometric, techniques: spectroscopic, binaries: eclipsing, stars: fundamental parameters, stars: low-mass",
author = "Swayne, {M. I.} and Maxted, {P. F. L.} and Triaud, {A. H. M. J.} and Sousa, {S. G.} and C. Broeg and Flor{\'e}n, {H. -G.} and P. Guterman and Simon, {A. E.} and I. Boisse and A. Bonfanti and D. Martin and A. Santerne and S. Salmon and Standing, {M. R.} and Grootel, {V. Van} and Wilson, {T. G.} and Y. Alibert and R. Alonso and Escud{\'e}, {G. Anglada} and J. Asquier and T. B{\'a}rczy and D. Barrado and Barros, {S. C. C.} and M. Battley and W. Baumjohann and M. Beck and T. Beck and A. Bekkelien and W. Benz and N. Billot and X. Bonfils and A. Brandeker and Busch, {M. -D.} and J. Cabrera and S. Charnoz and Cameron, {A. Collier} and Sz Csizmadia and Davies, {M. B.} and M. Deleuil and A. Deline and L. Delrez and Demangeon, {O. D. S.} and Demory, {B. -O.} and G. Dransfield and D. Ehrenreich and A. Erikson and A. Fortier and L. Fossati and M. Fridlund and D. Futyan and D. Gandolfi and M. Gillon and M. Guedel and G. H{\'e}brard and N. Heidari and C. Hellier and K. Heng and M. Hobson and S. Hoyer and Isaak, {K. G.} and L. Kiss and Vedad Hodzic and Lalitha Sairam and J. Laskar and Etangs, {A. Lecavelier des} and M. Lendl and C. Lovis and D. Magrin and L. Marafatto and J. McCormac and N. Miller and V. Nascimbeni and G. Olofsson and R. Ottensamer and I. Pagano and E. Palle and G. Peter and G. Piotto and D. Pollacco and D. Queloz and R. Ragazzoni and N. Rando and H. Rauer and I. Ribas and Santos, {N. C.} and G. Scandariato and D. S{\'e}gransan and Smith, {A. M. S.} and M. Steinberger and M. Steller and Szab{\'o}, {Gy M.} and N. Thomas and S. Udry and I. Walter and Walton, {N. A.} and Emma Willett",
note = "12 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS",
year = "2021",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1093/mnras/stab1687",
language = "English",
volume = "506",
pages = "306–322",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "SIPRI/Oxford University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The EBLM project -- VIII. First results for M-dwarf mass, radius, and effective temperature measurements using CHEOPS light curves

AU - Swayne, M. I.

AU - Maxted, P. F. L.

AU - Triaud, A. H. M. J.

AU - Sousa, S. G.

AU - Broeg, C.

AU - Florén, H. -G.

AU - Guterman, P.

AU - Simon, A. E.

AU - Boisse, I.

AU - Bonfanti, A.

AU - Martin, D.

AU - Santerne, A.

AU - Salmon, S.

AU - Standing, M. R.

AU - Grootel, V. Van

AU - Wilson, T. G.

AU - Alibert, Y.

AU - Alonso, R.

AU - Escudé, G. Anglada

AU - Asquier, J.

AU - Bárczy, T.

AU - Barrado, D.

AU - Barros, S. C. C.

AU - Battley, M.

AU - Baumjohann, W.

AU - Beck, M.

AU - Beck, T.

AU - Bekkelien, A.

AU - Benz, W.

AU - Billot, N.

AU - Bonfils, X.

AU - Brandeker, A.

AU - Busch, M. -D.

AU - Cabrera, J.

AU - Charnoz, S.

AU - Cameron, A. Collier

AU - Csizmadia, Sz

AU - Davies, M. B.

AU - Deleuil, M.

AU - Deline, A.

AU - Delrez, L.

AU - Demangeon, O. D. S.

AU - Demory, B. -O.

AU - Dransfield, G.

AU - Ehrenreich, D.

AU - Erikson, A.

AU - Fortier, A.

AU - Fossati, L.

AU - Fridlund, M.

AU - Futyan, D.

AU - Gandolfi, D.

AU - Gillon, M.

AU - Guedel, M.

AU - Hébrard, G.

AU - Heidari, N.

AU - Hellier, C.

AU - Heng, K.

AU - Hobson, M.

AU - Hoyer, S.

AU - Isaak, K. G.

AU - Kiss, L.

AU - Hodzic, Vedad

AU - Sairam, Lalitha

AU - Laskar, J.

AU - Etangs, A. Lecavelier des

AU - Lendl, M.

AU - Lovis, C.

AU - Magrin, D.

AU - Marafatto, L.

AU - McCormac, J.

AU - Miller, N.

AU - Nascimbeni, V.

AU - Olofsson, G.

AU - Ottensamer, R.

AU - Pagano, I.

AU - Palle, E.

AU - Peter, G.

AU - Piotto, G.

AU - Pollacco, D.

AU - Queloz, D.

AU - Ragazzoni, R.

AU - Rando, N.

AU - Rauer, H.

AU - Ribas, I.

AU - Santos, N. C.

AU - Scandariato, G.

AU - Ségransan, D.

AU - Smith, A. M. S.

AU - Steinberger, M.

AU - Steller, M.

AU - Szabó, Gy M.

AU - Thomas, N.

AU - Udry, S.

AU - Walter, I.

AU - Walton, N. A.

AU - Willett, Emma

N1 - 12 pages, 8 figures, accepted for publication in MNRAS

PY - 2021/9

Y1 - 2021/9

N2 - The accuracy of theoretical mass, radius and effective temperature values for M-dwarf stars is an active topic of debate. Differences between observed and theoretical values have raised the possibility that current theoretical stellar structure and evolution models are inaccurate towards the low-mass end of the main sequence. To explore this issue we use the CHEOPS satellite to obtain high-precision light curves of eclipsing binaries with low mass stellar companions. We use these light curves combined with the spectroscopic orbit for the solar-type companion to measure the mass, radius and effective temperature of the M-dwarf star. Here we present the analysis of three eclipsing binaries. We use the pycheops data analysis software to fit the observed transit and eclipse events of each system. Two of our systems were also observed by the TESS satellite -- we similarly analyse these light curves for comparison. We find consistent results between CHEOPS and TESS, presenting three stellar radii and two stellar effective temperature values of low-mass stellar objects. These initial results from our on-going observing programme with CHEOPS show that we can expect to have ~24 new mass, radius and effective temperature measurements for very low mass stars within the next few years.

AB - The accuracy of theoretical mass, radius and effective temperature values for M-dwarf stars is an active topic of debate. Differences between observed and theoretical values have raised the possibility that current theoretical stellar structure and evolution models are inaccurate towards the low-mass end of the main sequence. To explore this issue we use the CHEOPS satellite to obtain high-precision light curves of eclipsing binaries with low mass stellar companions. We use these light curves combined with the spectroscopic orbit for the solar-type companion to measure the mass, radius and effective temperature of the M-dwarf star. Here we present the analysis of three eclipsing binaries. We use the pycheops data analysis software to fit the observed transit and eclipse events of each system. Two of our systems were also observed by the TESS satellite -- we similarly analyse these light curves for comparison. We find consistent results between CHEOPS and TESS, presenting three stellar radii and two stellar effective temperature values of low-mass stellar objects. These initial results from our on-going observing programme with CHEOPS show that we can expect to have ~24 new mass, radius and effective temperature measurements for very low mass stars within the next few years.

KW - astro-ph.SR

KW - astro-ph.EP

KW - techniques: photometric

KW - techniques: spectroscopic

KW - binaries: eclipsing

KW - stars: fundamental parameters

KW - stars: low-mass

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stab1687

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stab1687

M3 - Article

VL - 506

SP - 306

EP - 322

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 1

ER -