The consequences of traumatic brain injury from the classroom to the courtroom: understanding pathways through structural equation modelling

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The consequences of traumatic brain injury from the classroom to the courtroom : understanding pathways through structural equation modelling. / Clasby, Betony ; Bennett, Matthew; Hughes, Nathan; Hodges, Emma; Meadham , Hannah ; Hinder, Darren ; Williams, Huw; Mewse, Avril.

In: Disability and Rehabilitation, Vol. 42, No. 17, 13.08.2020, p. 2412-2421.

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Clasby, Betony ; Bennett, Matthew ; Hughes, Nathan ; Hodges, Emma ; Meadham , Hannah ; Hinder, Darren ; Williams, Huw ; Mewse, Avril. / The consequences of traumatic brain injury from the classroom to the courtroom : understanding pathways through structural equation modelling. In: Disability and Rehabilitation. 2020 ; Vol. 42, No. 17. pp. 2412-2421.

Bibtex

@article{4f7e5ca8af5e4194939c513a05cdb699,
title = "The consequences of traumatic brain injury from the classroom to the courtroom: understanding pathways through structural equation modelling",
abstract = "Purpose: Paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have resultant ongoing significant impairments which can impact life outcomes. The primary aim of this research was to explore whether TBI contributes to the relationship between poor educational outcomes and offending trajectories. Materials and methods: Through analysis of a dataset consisting of self-reported health, educational, and offending histories of 70 incarcerated young males, structural equation modelling was used to explore the mediation of educational outcomes and patterns in offending behaviour by chronic symptoms following TBI. Results: Symptoms related to TBI significantly mediated the relationship between decreased educational attainment and more frequent convictions. It did not mediate any relationships involving age at first conviction. Conclusions: Traumatic brain injury appears to have more influence over frequency of offending patterns than age at first conviction. However, TBI remains a pervasive factor in both higher rates of offending and poorer educational attainment. In order to tackle this effect on adverse social outcomes, greater attention to the impact of TBI is required in education and criminal justice systems.• IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION • Highlights traumatic brain injury as a contributory factor in some education to offending pathways, suggesting that greater focus on rehabilitation within the education and criminal justice systems is required.•  Reinforces that greater understanding of educational pathways post-injury is needed to better facilitate rehabilitation within the school system.",
keywords = "Brain Injuries, post-concussion syndrome, Educational Status, Schools, Crime, Criminals, educational status, schools, criminals, crime, Brain injuries",
author = "Betony Clasby and Matthew Bennett and Nathan Hughes and Emma Hodges and Hannah Meadham and Darren Hinder and Huw Williams and Avril Mewse",
year = "2020",
month = aug,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1080/09638288.2019.1635214",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "2412--2421",
journal = "Disability and Rehabilitation",
issn = "0963-8288",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "17",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The consequences of traumatic brain injury from the classroom to the courtroom

T2 - understanding pathways through structural equation modelling

AU - Clasby, Betony

AU - Bennett, Matthew

AU - Hughes, Nathan

AU - Hodges, Emma

AU - Meadham , Hannah

AU - Hinder, Darren

AU - Williams, Huw

AU - Mewse, Avril

PY - 2020/8/13

Y1 - 2020/8/13

N2 - Purpose: Paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have resultant ongoing significant impairments which can impact life outcomes. The primary aim of this research was to explore whether TBI contributes to the relationship between poor educational outcomes and offending trajectories. Materials and methods: Through analysis of a dataset consisting of self-reported health, educational, and offending histories of 70 incarcerated young males, structural equation modelling was used to explore the mediation of educational outcomes and patterns in offending behaviour by chronic symptoms following TBI. Results: Symptoms related to TBI significantly mediated the relationship between decreased educational attainment and more frequent convictions. It did not mediate any relationships involving age at first conviction. Conclusions: Traumatic brain injury appears to have more influence over frequency of offending patterns than age at first conviction. However, TBI remains a pervasive factor in both higher rates of offending and poorer educational attainment. In order to tackle this effect on adverse social outcomes, greater attention to the impact of TBI is required in education and criminal justice systems.• IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION • Highlights traumatic brain injury as a contributory factor in some education to offending pathways, suggesting that greater focus on rehabilitation within the education and criminal justice systems is required.•  Reinforces that greater understanding of educational pathways post-injury is needed to better facilitate rehabilitation within the school system.

AB - Purpose: Paediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have resultant ongoing significant impairments which can impact life outcomes. The primary aim of this research was to explore whether TBI contributes to the relationship between poor educational outcomes and offending trajectories. Materials and methods: Through analysis of a dataset consisting of self-reported health, educational, and offending histories of 70 incarcerated young males, structural equation modelling was used to explore the mediation of educational outcomes and patterns in offending behaviour by chronic symptoms following TBI. Results: Symptoms related to TBI significantly mediated the relationship between decreased educational attainment and more frequent convictions. It did not mediate any relationships involving age at first conviction. Conclusions: Traumatic brain injury appears to have more influence over frequency of offending patterns than age at first conviction. However, TBI remains a pervasive factor in both higher rates of offending and poorer educational attainment. In order to tackle this effect on adverse social outcomes, greater attention to the impact of TBI is required in education and criminal justice systems.• IMPLICATIONS FOR REHABILITATION • Highlights traumatic brain injury as a contributory factor in some education to offending pathways, suggesting that greater focus on rehabilitation within the education and criminal justice systems is required.•  Reinforces that greater understanding of educational pathways post-injury is needed to better facilitate rehabilitation within the school system.

KW - Brain Injuries

KW - post-concussion syndrome

KW - Educational Status

KW - Schools

KW - Crime

KW - Criminals

KW - educational status

KW - schools

KW - criminals

KW - crime

KW - Brain injuries

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85068573201&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09638288.2019.1635214

DO - 10.1080/09638288.2019.1635214

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 2412

EP - 2421

JO - Disability and Rehabilitation

JF - Disability and Rehabilitation

SN - 0963-8288

IS - 17

ER -