The communicative effectiveness of different types of communication strategy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study examines compensation strategies (techniques for dealing with knowledge gaps between learner and interlocutor), relates them to synoptic and ectenic learning (Ehrman and Leaver, 2002, 2003), and suggests reasons for the fact that ectenic learners, who need conscious control of what they are learning, seemed to communicate meanings of words to judges better than the synoptics, who feel freer to rely on their intuition and pre-conscious processing, but also tend to use more novel and therefore less readily comprehensible figures of speech. The subjects were French learners of English.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)331-347
Number of pages17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2003