The broader societal impacts of COVID-19 and the growing importance of capturing these in health economic analyses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Lena Schnitzler
  • Luca M. M. Janssen
  • Silvia M. A. A. Evers
  • Aggie T. G. Paulus
  • Irina Pokhilenko


The rapid spread of the current COVID-19 pandemic has affected societies worldwide, leading to excess mortality, long-lasting health consequences, strained healthcare systems, and additional strains and spillover effects on other sectors outside health (i.e., intersectoral costs and benefits). In this perspective piece, we demonstrate the broader societal impacts of COVID-19 on other sectors outside the health sector and the growing importance of capturing these in health economic analyses. These broader impacts include, for instance, the effects on the labor marketandproductivity, education, criminal justice,housing, consumption, and environment. The current pandemic highlights the importance of adopting a societal perspective toconsider thesebroaderimpacts ofpublic health issues and interventionsand only omit thesewhere it can be clearly justified as appropriatetodo so. Furthermore,we explainhow the COVID-19 pandemic exposed and exacerbated existing deep-rooted structural inequalities that contribute to the wider societal impacts of the pandemic.


Original languageEnglish
Article numbere43
JournalInternational Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Publication statusPublished - 9 Mar 2021


  • COVID-19, intersectoral costs and benefits, economic evaluation, societal perspective