The association between environmental events and self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • S Hall
  • K Arron
  • J Sloneem
  • J Petty

Colleges, School and Institutes


BACKGROUND: There has been limited empirical research into the environmental causes of self-injury in Cornelia de Lange syndrome. The present study examined the variability of self-injurious behaviour in Cornelia de Lange syndrome across environmental setting events. Additionally, the association between setting events and more specific environmental events was examined. METHOD: A descriptive analysis of observational data on eight children with Cornelia de Lange syndrome aged between 4 and 14 years was carried out. The association between self-injurious behaviour and four environmental setting events and between specific environmental events and setting events was examined using established statistical methods for observational data. RESULTS: Seven out of eight of the participants showed at least one form of self-injurious behaviour that was associated with a particular setting event. The study also demonstrated that the relationship between setting events and environmental events is extremely variable across individuals. CONCLUSIONS: Self-injurious behaviour in some individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome is associated with environmental events although the precise nature of the association warrants clarification. Using broad setting events as a methodological tool in isolation provides some insight into the role of specific environmental factors in maintaining self-injurious behaviour but the integrity of setting events must be established.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-277
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005


  • descriptive analysis, Cornelia de Lange syndrome, self-injurious behaviour