The analogies between human development and additive manufacture: expanding the definition of design

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@article{462f89112cdb45b8a198d0b3178985c6,
title = "The analogies between human development and additive manufacture: expanding the definition of design",
abstract = "Design techniques represent a huge economic barrier to the progression of Additive Manufacturing (AM) to more industrial applications. The aim of this research is to use biological analogies, taken from human development to offer a new perspective on what the definition of additive design and manufacturing could encompass in the future. Efficient design for additive manufacturing requires increased creativity, something that is currently constrained by the psychological inertia imposed by a history of subtractive manufacturing. The development of the human, i.e. the differentiation and proliferation of cells to form tissues and organs, creates an organism that develops and functions in synergy. This may be considered the epitome of sophisticated AM. In this study, a novel methodology, utilising the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, was applied to develop bottom-up analogies between the two systems. A detailed biological discussion of human development is presented, offering a vision of how AM could begin to reflect the synergy displayed during the growth of the foetal form. The results propose a series of developments to current design methods and manufacturing systems for AM. In-situ design for AM is projected as an innovative methodology of expanding design freedom to incorporate temporal stimuli and material response through space and scale across the build envelope. Manufacturing technologies under the themes of Hybrid, Suspended, Perfusion and Diffusion Manufacturing are proposed from insight taken from the development of the foetal bones, amniotic fluid, cardiovascular system and the function of the placenta and fast block polyspermy.",
keywords = "additive manufacturing, design, developmental biology, foetal development, manufacturing, materials",
author = "Lauren Thomas-Seale and Jackson Kirkman-Brown and Sanjeevan Kanagalingam and Moataz Attallah and Daniel Espino and Duncan Shepherd",
year = "2019",
month = sep,
day = "16",
doi = "10.1080/23311916.2019.1662631",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--20",
journal = "Cogent Engineering",
issn = "2331-1916",
publisher = "Taylor & Francis",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The analogies between human development and additive manufacture

T2 - expanding the definition of design

AU - Thomas-Seale, Lauren

AU - Kirkman-Brown, Jackson

AU - Kanagalingam, Sanjeevan

AU - Attallah, Moataz

AU - Espino, Daniel

AU - Shepherd, Duncan

PY - 2019/9/16

Y1 - 2019/9/16

N2 - Design techniques represent a huge economic barrier to the progression of Additive Manufacturing (AM) to more industrial applications. The aim of this research is to use biological analogies, taken from human development to offer a new perspective on what the definition of additive design and manufacturing could encompass in the future. Efficient design for additive manufacturing requires increased creativity, something that is currently constrained by the psychological inertia imposed by a history of subtractive manufacturing. The development of the human, i.e. the differentiation and proliferation of cells to form tissues and organs, creates an organism that develops and functions in synergy. This may be considered the epitome of sophisticated AM. In this study, a novel methodology, utilising the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, was applied to develop bottom-up analogies between the two systems. A detailed biological discussion of human development is presented, offering a vision of how AM could begin to reflect the synergy displayed during the growth of the foetal form. The results propose a series of developments to current design methods and manufacturing systems for AM. In-situ design for AM is projected as an innovative methodology of expanding design freedom to incorporate temporal stimuli and material response through space and scale across the build envelope. Manufacturing technologies under the themes of Hybrid, Suspended, Perfusion and Diffusion Manufacturing are proposed from insight taken from the development of the foetal bones, amniotic fluid, cardiovascular system and the function of the placenta and fast block polyspermy.

AB - Design techniques represent a huge economic barrier to the progression of Additive Manufacturing (AM) to more industrial applications. The aim of this research is to use biological analogies, taken from human development to offer a new perspective on what the definition of additive design and manufacturing could encompass in the future. Efficient design for additive manufacturing requires increased creativity, something that is currently constrained by the psychological inertia imposed by a history of subtractive manufacturing. The development of the human, i.e. the differentiation and proliferation of cells to form tissues and organs, creates an organism that develops and functions in synergy. This may be considered the epitome of sophisticated AM. In this study, a novel methodology, utilising the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, was applied to develop bottom-up analogies between the two systems. A detailed biological discussion of human development is presented, offering a vision of how AM could begin to reflect the synergy displayed during the growth of the foetal form. The results propose a series of developments to current design methods and manufacturing systems for AM. In-situ design for AM is projected as an innovative methodology of expanding design freedom to incorporate temporal stimuli and material response through space and scale across the build envelope. Manufacturing technologies under the themes of Hybrid, Suspended, Perfusion and Diffusion Manufacturing are proposed from insight taken from the development of the foetal bones, amniotic fluid, cardiovascular system and the function of the placenta and fast block polyspermy.

KW - additive manufacturing

KW - design

KW - developmental biology

KW - foetal development

KW - manufacturing

KW - materials

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85073053242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/23311916.2019.1662631

DO - 10.1080/23311916.2019.1662631

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 20

JO - Cogent Engineering

JF - Cogent Engineering

SN - 2331-1916

IS - 1

M1 - 1662631

ER -