Tenogenic Differentiation of Human Embryonic Stem Cells
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
Tendon healing is complex to manage because of the limited regeneration capacity of tendon tissue; stem cell-based tissue engineering approaches may provide alternative healing strategies. We sought to determine whether human embryonic stem cells (hESC) could be induced to differentiate into tendon-like cells by the addition of exogenous bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)12 (growth differentiation factor[GDF]7) and BMP13 (GDF6). hESC (SHEF-1) were maintained with or without BMP12/13 supplementation, or supplemented with BMP12/13 and the Smad signaling cascade blocking agent, dorsomorphin. Primary rat tenocytes were included as a positive control in immunocytochemistry analysis. A tenocyte-like elongated morphology was observed in hESC after 40-days continuous supplementation with BMP12/13 and ascorbic acid (AA). These cells displayed a tenomodulin expression pattern and morphology consistent with that of the primary tenocyte control. Analysis of tendon-linked gene transcription in BMP12/13 supplemented hESC demonstrated consistent expression of COL1A2, COL3A1, DCN, TNC, THBS4, and TNMD levels. Conversely, when hESCs were cultured in the presence of BMP12/13 and dorsomorphin COL3A1, DCN, and TNC gene expression and tendon matrix formation were inhibited. Taken together, we have demonstrated that hESCs are responsive to tenogenic induction via BMP12/13 in the presence of AA. The directed in vitro generation of tenocytes from pluripotent stem cells may facilitate the development of novel repair approaches for this difficult to heal tissue.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Tissue Engineering - Part A|
|Early online date||7 Jul 2017|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Mar 2018|