T-cell adhesion induced by proteoglycan-immobilized cytokine MIP-1 beta
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
Lymphocyte migration from blood into tissue depends on integrin-mediated adhesion to endothelium. Adhesion requires not only integrin ligands on the endothelium, but also activation signals because T-cell integrins cannot bind well until they are activated. The physiological 'triggers' for T-cell adhesion are unknown, but cytokines may be good candidates as they are released during inflammation and trigger adhesion in neutrophils and monocytes. We have identified a cytokine, macrophage inflammatory protein-1 beta (MIP-1 beta), that induces both chemotaxis and adhesion of T cells; MIP-1 beta is most effective at augmenting adhesion of CD8+ T cells to the vascular cell adhesion molecule VCAM-1. We reasoned that, as cytokines in vivo will be rapidly washed away, MIP-1 beta might be bound to endothelial surfaces and so induce adhesion in its immobilized form. Here we show that: (1) MIP-1 beta is present on lymph node endothelium; (2) immobilized MIP-1 beta induces binding of T cells to VCAM-1 in vitro. MIP-1 beta was immobilized by binding to proteoglycan: a conjugate of heparin with bovine serum albumin and cellular proteoglycan CD44 were both effective. We propose that MIP-1 beta and other cytokines with glycosaminoglycan-binding sites will bind to and be presented by endothelial proteoglycans to trigger adhesion selectively not only of lymphocyte subsets, but also of other cell types.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - 7 Jan 1993|
- Cell Adhesion, Cell Adhesion Molecules, Chemokine CCL4, Chemotaxis, Cytokines, Heparin, Humans, Macrophage Inflammatory Proteins, Monokines, Proteoglycans, Receptors, Lymphocyte Homing, Serum Albumin, Bovine, T-Lymphocytes, Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1