Systematic review of the effectiveness of community-based self-management interventions among primary care COPD patients

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

COPD self-management reduces hospital admissions and improves health-related quality of life (HRQoL). However, whilst most patients are managed in primary care, the majority of self-management trials have recruited participants with more severe disease from secondary care. We report the findings of a systematic review of the effectiveness of community-based self-management interventions in primary care patients with COPD. We systematically searched eleven electronic databases and identified twelve eligible randomised controlled trials with seven included in meta-analyses for HRQoL, anxiety and depression. We report no difference in HRQoL at final follow-up (St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire total score -0.29; 95%CI -2.09, 1.51; I2 0%), nor any difference in anxiety or depression. In conclusion, supported self-management interventions delivered in the community to patients from primary care do not appear to be effective. Further research is recommended to identify effective self-management interventions suitable for primary care populations, particularly those with milder disease.
Keywords
COPD; Systematic review; primary care; self-management.

Bibliographic note

Running head: Systematic review: self-management of COPD

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalNPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
Volume28
Publication statusPublished - 23 Nov 2018

Keywords

  • COPD, Systematic review, primary care, self-management