Synthesis of ultra-refractory transition metal diboride compounds

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Synthesis of ultra-refractory transition metal diboride compounds. / Fahrenholtz, William G.; Binner, Jon; Zou, Ji.

In: Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 31, No. 18, 09.2016, p. 2757-2772.

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@article{a0018a5e8e214dec9d78547e63b0c489,
title = "Synthesis of ultra-refractory transition metal diboride compounds",
abstract = "This paper critically evaluates methods used to synthesize boride compounds with emphasis on diborides of the early transition metals. The earliest reports of the synthesis of boride ceramics used impure elemental powders to produce multiphase reaction products; phase-pure borides were only synthesized after processes were established to purify elemental boron. Carbothermal reduction of the corresponding transition metal oxides emerged as a viable production route and continues to be the primary method for the synthesis of commercial transition metal diboride powders. Even though reaction-based processes and chemical synthesis methods are mainly used for research studies, they are powerful tools for producing diborides because they provide the ability to tailor purity and particle size. The choice of synthesis method requires balancing factors that include cost, purity, and particle size with the performance needed in expected applications.",
keywords = "boron, ceramic, compound",
author = "Fahrenholtz, {William G.} and Jon Binner and Ji Zou",
year = "2016",
month = sep
doi = "10.1557/jmr.2016.210",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "2757--2772",
journal = "Journal of Materials Research",
issn = "0884-2914",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "18",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Synthesis of ultra-refractory transition metal diboride compounds

AU - Fahrenholtz, William G.

AU - Binner, Jon

AU - Zou, Ji

PY - 2016/9

Y1 - 2016/9

N2 - This paper critically evaluates methods used to synthesize boride compounds with emphasis on diborides of the early transition metals. The earliest reports of the synthesis of boride ceramics used impure elemental powders to produce multiphase reaction products; phase-pure borides were only synthesized after processes were established to purify elemental boron. Carbothermal reduction of the corresponding transition metal oxides emerged as a viable production route and continues to be the primary method for the synthesis of commercial transition metal diboride powders. Even though reaction-based processes and chemical synthesis methods are mainly used for research studies, they are powerful tools for producing diborides because they provide the ability to tailor purity and particle size. The choice of synthesis method requires balancing factors that include cost, purity, and particle size with the performance needed in expected applications.

AB - This paper critically evaluates methods used to synthesize boride compounds with emphasis on diborides of the early transition metals. The earliest reports of the synthesis of boride ceramics used impure elemental powders to produce multiphase reaction products; phase-pure borides were only synthesized after processes were established to purify elemental boron. Carbothermal reduction of the corresponding transition metal oxides emerged as a viable production route and continues to be the primary method for the synthesis of commercial transition metal diboride powders. Even though reaction-based processes and chemical synthesis methods are mainly used for research studies, they are powerful tools for producing diborides because they provide the ability to tailor purity and particle size. The choice of synthesis method requires balancing factors that include cost, purity, and particle size with the performance needed in expected applications.

KW - boron

KW - ceramic

KW - compound

U2 - 10.1557/jmr.2016.210

DO - 10.1557/jmr.2016.210

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84976560993

VL - 31

SP - 2757

EP - 2772

JO - Journal of Materials Research

JF - Journal of Materials Research

SN - 0884-2914

IS - 18

ER -