Synthesis of new Ln4(Al2O6F2)O2 (Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd) phases with a cuspidine-related structure

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Aroa Morán-Ruiz
  • Aritza Wain-Martin
  • Alodia Orera
  • Maria Luisa Sanjuán
  • Aitor Larrañaga
  • Maribel Arriortua

Colleges, School and Institutes


The first fluorination of the cuspidine-related phases of Ln4(Al2O7&)O2 (where Ln = Sm, Eu, Gd) is reported. A low-temperature reaction with poly(vinylidene difluoride) lead to the fluorine being substituted in place of oxygen and inserted into the vacant position between the dialuminate groups. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy shows the presence of the F 1s photoelectron together with an increase in Al 2p and rare-earth 4d binding energies supporting F incorporation. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses are consistent with the formula Ln4(Al2O6F2)O2, confirming that substitution of one oxygen by two fluoride atoms has been achieved. Rietveld refinements show an expansion in the cell upon fluorination and confirm that the incorporation of fluoride in the Ln4(Al2O7&)O2 structure results in changes in Al coordination from four to five. Thus, the isolated tetrahedral dialuminate Al2O7 groups are converted to chains of distorted square-based pyramids. These structural results are also discussed based on Raman spectra.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
Issue numberPt 1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • cuspidine-type rare earth aluminates, fluorination, X-ray diffraction, poly(vinylidene diflouride), Raman spectroscopy