Synthesis of cytotoxic spirocyclic imides from a biomass-derived oxanorbornene
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
- University of York
N-Substituted derivatives of cantharimide and norcantharimide represent a promising but underutilized motif for therapeutic applications. Herein, we report a divergent strategy for the preparation of secondary amides and norcantharimide-resembling spirocyclic imides from a biomass-derived oxanorbornene and assess their biological activity. Computational modelling suggests these compounds fall perfectly within lead-like chemical space (200 Da < RMM < 350 Da, −1 < AlogP < 3), with the spirocyclic imides preferred due to their lack of reactive functionalities. Biological analysis of the spirocyclic imides revealed that the compounds displayed antiproliferative activity against a range of human cancer cells (A549, HCT 116, OVCAR-3, MDA-MB-231, MCF7 and PC-3) with the N-octyl derivative displaying the greatest potential as a potent broad-spectrum anticancer drug. Dose-response curves for the N-octyl spirocyclic imide found EC50 values of 56–95 μM dependent on the cell line, with highest activity against human colorectal carcinoma cells (HCT 116).
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2020|