Synergism between diacylglycerols and calcium ionophore in the induction of human B cell proliferation mimics the inositol lipid polyphosphate breakdown signals induced by crosslinking surface immunoglobulin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


External organisations

  • Department of Biochemistry
  • Department of Immunology


Resting human tonsillar B cells were stimulated to divide by heat killed Staphylococcus aureus Cowan strain 1 which was shown to induce hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol 4, 5-bisphosphate known to give rise to diacylglycerol and an increase in cytosolic free calcium. Addition of the diacylglycerols, 1-oleoyl-2 acetyl glycerol or sn-1, 2-dioctanoylglycerol, together with the calcium ionophore ionomycin to B cell cultures induced marked cell proliferation whereas these agents were ineffective when used alone. Both diacylglycerols were shown to compete with [3H] phorbol 12,13 dibutyrate in binding to protein kinase C. These data support the hypothesis that synergism between cytosolic calcium and endogenous diacylglycerol, which activates protein kinase C, is involved in signal transduction in the proliferation of human B cells.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-491
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 1985