Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: Evidence from a population study

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Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress: Evidence from a population study. / Carroll, Douglas; Phillips, Anna; Hunt, Kate; Der, Geoff.

In: Biological Psychology, Vol. 75, No. 1, 01.04.2007, p. 68-74.

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@article{6367e96f5d864191a871451f56a9bd0a,
title = "Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress:: Evidence from a population study",
abstract = "Depression and exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity are considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease, possibly as a result of common antecedents, such as altered autonomic nervous system function. We examined the association between depressive symptomatology and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in 1608 adults (875 women) comprising 3 distinct age cohorts: 24-, 44-, and 63-year olds. Depression was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at baseline and during the paced auditory serial arithmetic test. Depression scores were negatively associated with systolic blood pressure and heart rate reactions, after adjustment for likely confounders such as sex, cohort, occupational status, body mass index, stress task performance score, baseline cardiovascular activity, antidepressant, and antihypertensive medication. The direction of association was opposite to that which would be expected if excessive reactivity were to mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease outcomes or if they shared common antecedents.",
keywords = "psychological stress, heart rate, blood pressure, depression",
author = "Douglas Carroll and Anna Phillips and Kate Hunt and Geoff Der",
year = "2007",
month = apr,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.12.002",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "68--74",
journal = "Biological Psychology",
issn = "0301-0511",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Symptoms of depression and cardiovascular reactions to acute psychological stress:

T2 - Evidence from a population study

AU - Carroll, Douglas

AU - Phillips, Anna

AU - Hunt, Kate

AU - Der, Geoff

PY - 2007/4/1

Y1 - 2007/4/1

N2 - Depression and exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity are considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease, possibly as a result of common antecedents, such as altered autonomic nervous system function. We examined the association between depressive symptomatology and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in 1608 adults (875 women) comprising 3 distinct age cohorts: 24-, 44-, and 63-year olds. Depression was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at baseline and during the paced auditory serial arithmetic test. Depression scores were negatively associated with systolic blood pressure and heart rate reactions, after adjustment for likely confounders such as sex, cohort, occupational status, body mass index, stress task performance score, baseline cardiovascular activity, antidepressant, and antihypertensive medication. The direction of association was opposite to that which would be expected if excessive reactivity were to mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease outcomes or if they shared common antecedents.

AB - Depression and exaggerated cardiovascular reactivity are considered risk factors for cardiovascular disease, possibly as a result of common antecedents, such as altered autonomic nervous system function. We examined the association between depressive symptomatology and cardiovascular reactions to psychological stress in 1608 adults (875 women) comprising 3 distinct age cohorts: 24-, 44-, and 63-year olds. Depression was assessed using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Blood pressure and heart rate were measured at baseline and during the paced auditory serial arithmetic test. Depression scores were negatively associated with systolic blood pressure and heart rate reactions, after adjustment for likely confounders such as sex, cohort, occupational status, body mass index, stress task performance score, baseline cardiovascular activity, antidepressant, and antihypertensive medication. The direction of association was opposite to that which would be expected if excessive reactivity were to mediate the association between depression and cardiovascular disease outcomes or if they shared common antecedents.

KW - psychological stress

KW - heart rate

KW - blood pressure

KW - depression

U2 - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.12.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 17196733

VL - 75

SP - 68

EP - 74

JO - Biological Psychology

JF - Biological Psychology

SN - 0301-0511

IS - 1

ER -