Surgical treatment of the ruptured thoracic and thoraco-abdominal aorta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Background: Rupture is the single most common cause of death in patients with thoracic aortic and thoracoabdominal aneurysm (TAA/TAAA) and is almost uniformly fatal. Methods: This was a retrospective review of patients admitted to a single practice with rupture of a TAA/TAAA between 1993 and 2000. Results: Twenty-two consecutive patients with a leaking TAA/TAAA were identified. The aetiology of rupture was either secondary to a degenerative TAAA or a type B dissection. Seventeen patients underwent surgery; one had a Crawford extent 1, seven an extent II, one an extent III and two an extent IV TAAA. Six patients had an acute type B dissection with rupture in the upper descending thoracic aorta. The 30-day survival rate was 88 per cent (15 of 17 patients). Actuarial survival at 1 year in patients who had surgery was 65 per cent. Survival at 1 year for all presenting patients who consented to surgery was 40 per cent. Median survival was greater than 36 months. Conclusion: As a result of improving medical care, more patients with a contained rupture of a TAA/TAAA may present for treatment. Surgery is complex and requires specialist teams for optimal care.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)442-445
Number of pages4
JournalBritish Journal of Surgery
Volume89
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2002