Surface engineering of steels by plasma immersion ion implantation and related innovative techniques

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Y. Chen
  • Y. Shi
  • H. Xie
  • Z. Wu
  • X. Jiang

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • China Textile University


Surface engineering of steels has been carried out using plasma immersion ion implantation (PI3) and related innovative techniques including plasma immersion ion beam enhanced deposition (PIIBED) of titanium and plasma immersion ion beam mixing (PIIBM) of nitrogen and titanium. Auger concentration profiles indicate that PI3 of nitrogen produces a smooth implantation profile in the surface layer of the steel. The formation of a thin layer of TiN on the surface of the specimens treated by PIIBED of titanium and by PIIBM of nitrogen and titanium was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. it has been demonstrated that the surface hardness and wear resistance of all the treated specimens were greatly improved.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China and the Wolfson Institute for Surface Engineering, the University of Birmingham, UK.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-141
Number of pages5
JournalSurface Engineering
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996