Studies of the Coarse Particle (2.5-10 μm) Component in UK Urban Atmospheres
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An analysis is presented of continuous simultaneous measurement data for PM10 and PM2.5 using TEOM instruments from five sites in the United Kingdom. The results are analysed specifically in relation to the sources and processes influencing the coarse particle fraction (2.5-10 mum). The data show a generally strong correlation between fine and coarse particle concentrations at all sites, with a generally higher proportion of coarse particles in the dryer months of the year. The one rural site shows a notably lower proportion of coarse particles than the urban and suburban sites. Whilst it is possible to disaggregate the coarse particle concentrations into a component which is diluted by increasing windspeed and a component which increases with windspeed and is hence possibly attributable to wind-induced resuspension processes, the latter is only a minor proportion of the total coarse particle concentration. There are appreciable weekday-to-weekend and day-to-night differences between coarse particle concentrations which are most marked at the urban sites indicative of anthropogenic activities being a source of coarse particles. The dearest indication of the likely predominant source of coarse particles arises from an analysis of a data set derived from an urban street canyon site after subtraction of measurements from a nearby urban background location. The data indicate strong relationships of both fine and coarse incremental particle concentrations in the street canyon with incremental NOx. If incremental fine particles and coarse particles are attributed to exhaust emissions and vehicle-induced resuspension, respectively, then it may be concluded that vehicle-induced resuspension provides a source strength approximately equal to that of exhaust emissions. An analysis of the coarse particle concentration data suggest that episodes of elevated coarse particle concentrations alone very rarely lead to exceedence of the UK air quality standard for PM10 of 50 mug m(-3) measured as a 24-h running mean. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||13|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2001|
- resuspension, urban atmosphere, particulate matter, PM10, coarse particles, vehicle activity