Strategic exclusion: the state and the framing of a service delivery role for civil society organizations in the context of counterterrorism in Nigeria

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Emeka Thaddues Njoku

Colleges, School and Institutes


This article examines the sociopolitical factors that influenced the fram-ing of counterterrorism measures (CTMs) in Nigeria. It argues that thegovernment strategically excluded civil society organizations CSOsfrom participating in the process of formulating CTMs. Thus, this situ-ation renders CSOs without agency in the making of CTMs and theirlegal capacity to advocate for the marginalized and vulnerable groupsin the context of counterterrorism in Nigeria. Additionally, theemployed strategic exclusion of CSOs aided in the construction of aservice delivery role that restrained political advocacy. Furthermore,the study argues that, despite the government counterterrorismapproach, CSOs did not seek public support on the need to contestCTMs in Nigeria and have complied with these laws and policies. Theempirical analysis is based on mixed-method research of CSOs andgovernment agents. This research seeks to contribute to the debateregarding the effects of CTMs on CSOs by tracing the establishment ofservice delivery roles for CSOs to these organisations strategic exclu-sion in the formulation of CTMs.

Bibliographic note

Funding Information: This publication was made possible by support from the Social Science Research Council?s Next Generation Social Sciences in Africa Fellowship, with funds provided by Carnegie Corporation of New York. Publisher Copyright: © 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)410-430
Number of pages21
JournalStudies in Conflict and Terrorism
Issue number5
Early online date26 Dec 2018
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2021


  • Service-delivery, Civil society – NGOs, Terrorism, counter-terrorism, state-civil society relations, Financial Action Task Force, Recommendation VIII, Terrorism Prevention (Prohibition) Act 2013, Money Laundering Prohibition Act 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas