Stimuli-responsive prodrug chemistries for drug delivery

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Nottingham

Abstract

Research into advanced therapeutic materials is of growing importance worldwide, particularly in the disease areas of infection, neurodegeneration, and oncology. Advances have been made in treating these diverse pathologies but there still remain many challenging areas. Amongst the most difficult are those involving highly potent and/or cytotoxic agents which present the inherent problem of adverse off‐target effects. Of key importance is to widen the therapeutic window for such agents by reducing access to non‐diseased cells and enhancing release at targeted sites. Spatiotemporal controlled release can be achieved by exploiting physical, chemical, or biological stimuli present at the specific diseased area. A crucial strategy involves drug‐carrier linkages able to respond to physiological or biochemical stimuli present in the disease region, and there is now significant literature on (polymeric) prodrugs based on the drug + carrier + cleavable linker philosophy, predominantly for cancer applications. The authors therefore focuse this mini‐review primarily on single/multistimuli‐responsive prodrugs for cancer therapies, covering prominent examples of prodrug chemistries used to endow polymers with controlled and site‐specific drug delivery properties. Additionally, the possibilities for exploiting similar approaches to disease‐associated stimuli present in bacterial and viral infections, inflammatory and immune diseases, and in degenerative disorders are emphasized.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number1800030
Number of pages14
JournalAdvanced Therapeutics
Volume1
Issue number4
Early online date21 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 14 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • drug delivery, polymer therapeutics, prodrugs, stimuli‐responsive, responsive materials