Start-Up Control of an Offshore Integrated MMC Multi-Terminal HVDC System With Reduced DC Voltage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • National Grid


There is no standard industrial start-up control scheme for an offshore wind farm with MTDC available. This paper proposes a generalised sequential start-up control scheme to de-risk the failure of MTDC. This work was on a strategic UK-China collaborative project sponsored by EPSRC under Grant EP/K006312/1, UK National Grid, leading to a savings of >£100m (see page 298 “Expected benefits of project”). The work led to (1) De-risking of MTDC failure solution and specifications to National Grid’s future projects; (2) 2 research projects with State Grid Corporation of China; (3) the award of the prestigious IEEE Fellowship.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2740 - 2751
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016


  • droop control, master–slave control, modular multilevel converter (MMC), multiterminal HVDC (MTDC), offshore wind farm (OWF), sequential start-up control