STARD 2015: An updated list of essential items for reporting diagnostic accuracy studies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Patrick M. Bossuyt
  • Johannes B. Reitsma
  • David E. Bruns
  • Constantine A. Gatsonis
  • Paul P. Glasziou
  • Les Irwig
  • Jeroen G. Lijmer
  • David Moher
  • Drummond Rennie
  • Henrica C W De Vet
  • Herbert Y. Kressel
  • Nader Rifai
  • Robert M. Golub
  • Douglas G. Altman
  • Lotty Hooft
  • Daniël A. Korevaar
  • Jérémie F. Cohen
  • Sue Mallett (Contributor)
  • Yemisi Takwoingi (Contributor)
  • STARD Group collaborators

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam
  • University Medical Center Utrecht
  • University of Virginia School of Medicine
  • Brown University
  • Bond University
  • University of Sydney Faculty of Medicine
  • Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Onze Lieve Vrouwe Gasthuis
  • Community Information and Epidemiological Technologies, Institute of Population Health; University of Ottawa; Ottawa; Canada
  • University of California, San Francisco
  • VU University Medical Center
  • Radiology Edit. Office
  • Clinical Chemistry Edit. Office
  • JAMA Edit. Office
  • Paris Descartes University
  • University of Oxford


Incomplete reporting has been identified as a major source of avoidable waste in biomedical research. Essential information is often not provided in study reports, impeding the identification, critical appraisal, and replication of studies. To improve the quality of reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies, the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (STARD) statement was developed. Here we present STARD 2015, an updated list of 30 essential items that should be included in every report of a diagnostic accuracy study. This update incorporates recent evidence about sources of bias and variability in diagnostic accuracy and is intended to facilitate the use of STARD. As such, STARD 2015 may help to improve completeness and transparency in reporting of diagnostic accuracy studies.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1446-1452
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Chemistry
Issue number12
Early online date28 Oct 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015