Stability of an empirical psychosocial taxonomy across type of diabetes and treatment

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

AIMS: The aims of the study were (i) to examine whether an empirical psychosocial taxonomy, based on key diabetes-related variables, is independent of type of diabetes and treatment, and (ii) to further establish the external validation of the taxonomy. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 82 patients with Type 1 and 86 patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were assigned to one of three psychosocial patient profiles based on their Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ) scores. General psychological and diabetes-specific measures were obtained through self-report and HbA(1c) was measured. RESULTS: Equal proportions of Type 1 and Type 2 patients, and of patients using insulin and oral medication/diet only were classified within each of the three psychosocial profiles. External validation confirmed the validity and distinctiveness of the patients' profiles. The patient profiles were independent of demographic variables, body mass index, duration of diabetes, complexity of treatment, number of complications, social desirability, and major stress levels. CONCLUSIONS: The Psychosocial Taxonomy for Patients with Diabetes provides a new way to categorize individuals who may have more in common than just their type of diabetes and/or its treatment and can help target interventions to individual patients' needs.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetic Medicine
Volume24
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007

Keywords

  • psychosocial, diabetes treatment, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, taxonomy, Type 1 diabetes mellitus