Springtail-inspired triangular laser-induced surface textures on metals using MHz ultrashort pulses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Ralf Helbig
  • Fotis Fraggelakis
  • Antonio Garcia Giron
  • Carsten Werner
  • Rainer Kling

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Leibniz Institute of Polymer Research


Considering the attractive surface functionalities of springtails (Collembola), an attempt at mimicking their cuticular topography on metals is proposed. An efficient single-step manufacturing process has been considered, involving Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures (LIPSS) generated by near-infrared femtosecond laser pulses. By investigating the influence of number of pulses and pulse fluence, extraordinarily uniform triangular structures were fabricated on stainless steel and titanium alloy surfaces, resembling the primary comb-like surface structure of springtails. The laser-textured metallic surfaces exhibited hydrophobic properties and light scattering effects that were considered in this research as a potential in-line process monitoring solution. The possibilities to increase the processing throughput by employing high repetition rates in the MHz-range are also investigated.


Original languageEnglish
Article number024504
JournalJournal of Micro and Nano-Manufacturing
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2019


  • Biomimicry, LIPSS, wettability, light scattering, MHz processing, uniformity