Sport supplement use predicts doping attitudes and likelihood via sport supplement beliefs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Canterbury Christ Church University

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine: 1) whether sport supplement use is related to doping and 2) whether sport supplement beliefs mediated this relationship. In Study 1, athletes (N = 598), completed measures of sport supplement use, sport supplement beliefs, and doping attitudes. In Study 2, athletes (N = 475) completed measures of sport supplement use, sport supplement beliefs, and doping likelihood. In both studies, sport supplement use predicted doping outcomes indirectly via sport supplement beliefs. Our findings provide novel evidence to suggest that sport supplement users, who strongly believe that sport supplements are effective, are more likely to dope. For anti-doping organisations wishing to prevent doping, targeting an athlete’s beliefs about sport supplements may improve the effectiveness of anti-doping prevention programmes.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1734-1740
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume37
Issue number15
Early online date12 Mar 2019
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • Drug, gateway hypothesis, Incremental model of doping behaviour, nutrition, performance enhancement