Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests. / Saurer, Matthias; Spahni, Renato; Frank, David C.; Joos, Fortunat; Leuenberger, Markus; Loader, Neil J.; Mccarroll, Danny; Gagen, Mary; Poulter, Ben; Siegwolf, Rolf T W; Andreu-Hayles, Laia; Boettger, Tatjana; Dorado Liñán, Isabel; Fairchild, Ian J.; Friedrich, Michael; Gutierrez, Emilia; Haupt, Marika; Hilasvuori, Emmi; Heinrich, Ingo; Helle, Gerd; Grudd, Håkan; Jalkanen, Risto; Levanič, Tom; Linderholm, Hans W.; Robertson, Iain; Sonninen, Eloni; Treydte, Kerstin; Waterhouse, John S.; Woodley, Ewan J.; Wynn, Peter M.; Young, Giles H F.

In: Global Change Biology, Vol. 20, No. 12, 01.12.2014, p. 3700-3712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Saurer, M, Spahni, R, Frank, DC, Joos, F, Leuenberger, M, Loader, NJ, Mccarroll, D, Gagen, M, Poulter, B, Siegwolf, RTW, Andreu-Hayles, L, Boettger, T, Dorado Liñán, I, Fairchild, IJ, Friedrich, M, Gutierrez, E, Haupt, M, Hilasvuori, E, Heinrich, I, Helle, G, Grudd, H, Jalkanen, R, Levanič, T, Linderholm, HW, Robertson, I, Sonninen, E, Treydte, K, Waterhouse, JS, Woodley, EJ, Wynn, PM & Young, GHF 2014, 'Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests', Global Change Biology, vol. 20, no. 12, pp. 3700-3712. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12717

APA

Saurer, M., Spahni, R., Frank, D. C., Joos, F., Leuenberger, M., Loader, N. J., Mccarroll, D., Gagen, M., Poulter, B., Siegwolf, R. T. W., Andreu-Hayles, L., Boettger, T., Dorado Liñán, I., Fairchild, I. J., Friedrich, M., Gutierrez, E., Haupt, M., Hilasvuori, E., Heinrich, I., ... Young, G. H. F. (2014). Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests. Global Change Biology, 20(12), 3700-3712. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12717

Vancouver

Saurer M, Spahni R, Frank DC, Joos F, Leuenberger M, Loader NJ et al. Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests. Global Change Biology. 2014 Dec 1;20(12):3700-3712. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.12717

Author

Saurer, Matthias ; Spahni, Renato ; Frank, David C. ; Joos, Fortunat ; Leuenberger, Markus ; Loader, Neil J. ; Mccarroll, Danny ; Gagen, Mary ; Poulter, Ben ; Siegwolf, Rolf T W ; Andreu-Hayles, Laia ; Boettger, Tatjana ; Dorado Liñán, Isabel ; Fairchild, Ian J. ; Friedrich, Michael ; Gutierrez, Emilia ; Haupt, Marika ; Hilasvuori, Emmi ; Heinrich, Ingo ; Helle, Gerd ; Grudd, Håkan ; Jalkanen, Risto ; Levanič, Tom ; Linderholm, Hans W. ; Robertson, Iain ; Sonninen, Eloni ; Treydte, Kerstin ; Waterhouse, John S. ; Woodley, Ewan J. ; Wynn, Peter M. ; Young, Giles H F. / Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests. In: Global Change Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 12. pp. 3700-3712.

Bibtex

@article{6d134e54de7a414dadef066d927914d6,
title = "Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests",
abstract = "The increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere in combination with climatic changes throughout the last century are likely to have had a profound effect on the physiology of trees: altering the carbon and water fluxes passing through the stomatal pores. However, the magnitude and spatial patterns of such changes in natural forests remain highly uncertain. Here, stable carbon isotope ratios from a network of 35 tree-ring sites located across Europe are investigated to determine the intrinsic water-use efficiency (iWUE), the ratio of photosynthesis to stomatal conductance from 1901 to 2000. The results were compared with simulations of a dynamic vegetation model (LPX-Bern 1.0) that integrates numerous ecosystem and land-atmosphere exchange processes in a theoretical framework. The spatial pattern of tree-ring derived iWUE of the investigated coniferous and deciduous species and the model results agreed significantly with a clear south-to-north gradient, as well as a general increase in iWUE over the 20th century. The magnitude of the iWUE increase was not spatially uniform, with the strongest increase observed and modelled for temperate forests in Central Europe, a region where summer soil-water availability decreased over the last century. We were able to demonstrate that the combined effects of increasing CO2 and climate change leading to soil drying have resulted in an accelerated increase in iWUE. These findings will help to reduce uncertainties in the land surface schemes of global climate models, where vegetation-climate feedbacks are currently still poorly constrained by observational data.",
keywords = "Carbon isotope discrimination, Climate change, Dynamic vegetation model, Tree rings",
author = "Matthias Saurer and Renato Spahni and Frank, {David C.} and Fortunat Joos and Markus Leuenberger and Loader, {Neil J.} and Danny Mccarroll and Mary Gagen and Ben Poulter and Siegwolf, {Rolf T W} and Laia Andreu-Hayles and Tatjana Boettger and {Dorado Li{\~n}{\'a}n}, Isabel and Fairchild, {Ian J.} and Michael Friedrich and Emilia Gutierrez and Marika Haupt and Emmi Hilasvuori and Ingo Heinrich and Gerd Helle and H{\aa}kan Grudd and Risto Jalkanen and Tom Levani{\v c} and Linderholm, {Hans W.} and Iain Robertson and Eloni Sonninen and Kerstin Treydte and Waterhouse, {John S.} and Woodley, {Ewan J.} and Wynn, {Peter M.} and Young, {Giles H F}",
year = "2014",
month = dec
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcb.12717",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "3700--3712",
journal = "Global Change Biology",
issn = "1354-1013",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial variability and temporal trends in water-use efficiency of European forests

AU - Saurer, Matthias

AU - Spahni, Renato

AU - Frank, David C.

AU - Joos, Fortunat

AU - Leuenberger, Markus

AU - Loader, Neil J.

AU - Mccarroll, Danny

AU - Gagen, Mary

AU - Poulter, Ben

AU - Siegwolf, Rolf T W

AU - Andreu-Hayles, Laia

AU - Boettger, Tatjana

AU - Dorado Liñán, Isabel

AU - Fairchild, Ian J.

AU - Friedrich, Michael

AU - Gutierrez, Emilia

AU - Haupt, Marika

AU - Hilasvuori, Emmi

AU - Heinrich, Ingo

AU - Helle, Gerd

AU - Grudd, Håkan

AU - Jalkanen, Risto

AU - Levanič, Tom

AU - Linderholm, Hans W.

AU - Robertson, Iain

AU - Sonninen, Eloni

AU - Treydte, Kerstin

AU - Waterhouse, John S.

AU - Woodley, Ewan J.

AU - Wynn, Peter M.

AU - Young, Giles H F

PY - 2014/12/1

Y1 - 2014/12/1

N2 - The increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere in combination with climatic changes throughout the last century are likely to have had a profound effect on the physiology of trees: altering the carbon and water fluxes passing through the stomatal pores. However, the magnitude and spatial patterns of such changes in natural forests remain highly uncertain. Here, stable carbon isotope ratios from a network of 35 tree-ring sites located across Europe are investigated to determine the intrinsic water-use efficiency (iWUE), the ratio of photosynthesis to stomatal conductance from 1901 to 2000. The results were compared with simulations of a dynamic vegetation model (LPX-Bern 1.0) that integrates numerous ecosystem and land-atmosphere exchange processes in a theoretical framework. The spatial pattern of tree-ring derived iWUE of the investigated coniferous and deciduous species and the model results agreed significantly with a clear south-to-north gradient, as well as a general increase in iWUE over the 20th century. The magnitude of the iWUE increase was not spatially uniform, with the strongest increase observed and modelled for temperate forests in Central Europe, a region where summer soil-water availability decreased over the last century. We were able to demonstrate that the combined effects of increasing CO2 and climate change leading to soil drying have resulted in an accelerated increase in iWUE. These findings will help to reduce uncertainties in the land surface schemes of global climate models, where vegetation-climate feedbacks are currently still poorly constrained by observational data.

AB - The increasing carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration in the atmosphere in combination with climatic changes throughout the last century are likely to have had a profound effect on the physiology of trees: altering the carbon and water fluxes passing through the stomatal pores. However, the magnitude and spatial patterns of such changes in natural forests remain highly uncertain. Here, stable carbon isotope ratios from a network of 35 tree-ring sites located across Europe are investigated to determine the intrinsic water-use efficiency (iWUE), the ratio of photosynthesis to stomatal conductance from 1901 to 2000. The results were compared with simulations of a dynamic vegetation model (LPX-Bern 1.0) that integrates numerous ecosystem and land-atmosphere exchange processes in a theoretical framework. The spatial pattern of tree-ring derived iWUE of the investigated coniferous and deciduous species and the model results agreed significantly with a clear south-to-north gradient, as well as a general increase in iWUE over the 20th century. The magnitude of the iWUE increase was not spatially uniform, with the strongest increase observed and modelled for temperate forests in Central Europe, a region where summer soil-water availability decreased over the last century. We were able to demonstrate that the combined effects of increasing CO2 and climate change leading to soil drying have resulted in an accelerated increase in iWUE. These findings will help to reduce uncertainties in the land surface schemes of global climate models, where vegetation-climate feedbacks are currently still poorly constrained by observational data.

KW - Carbon isotope discrimination

KW - Climate change

KW - Dynamic vegetation model

KW - Tree rings

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84911895848&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/gcb.12717

DO - 10.1111/gcb.12717

M3 - Article

C2 - 25156251

AN - SCOPUS:84911895848

VL - 20

SP - 3700

EP - 3712

JO - Global Change Biology

JF - Global Change Biology

SN - 1354-1013

IS - 12

ER -