Spatial turnover in the global avifauna

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Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. / Gaston, KL; Davies, RG; Orme, CDL; Olson, VA; Thomas, GH; Ding, TS; Rasmussen, PC; Lennon, JJ; Bennett, PM; Owens, IPF; Blackburn, Timothy.

In: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, Vol. 274, No. 1618, 01.07.2007, p. 1567-1574.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Gaston, KL, Davies, RG, Orme, CDL, Olson, VA, Thomas, GH, Ding, TS, Rasmussen, PC, Lennon, JJ, Bennett, PM, Owens, IPF & Blackburn, T 2007, 'Spatial turnover in the global avifauna', Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, vol. 274, no. 1618, pp. 1567-1574. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0236

APA

Gaston, KL., Davies, RG., Orme, CDL., Olson, VA., Thomas, GH., Ding, TS., Rasmussen, PC., Lennon, JJ., Bennett, PM., Owens, IPF., & Blackburn, T. (2007). Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, 274(1618), 1567-1574. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0236

Vancouver

Gaston KL, Davies RG, Orme CDL, Olson VA, Thomas GH, Ding TS et al. Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences. 2007 Jul 1;274(1618):1567-1574. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0236

Author

Gaston, KL ; Davies, RG ; Orme, CDL ; Olson, VA ; Thomas, GH ; Ding, TS ; Rasmussen, PC ; Lennon, JJ ; Bennett, PM ; Owens, IPF ; Blackburn, Timothy. / Spatial turnover in the global avifauna. In: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 274, No. 1618. pp. 1567-1574.

Bibtex

@article{6657caf78a2b4c7e83dc687459c7bf6c,
title = "Spatial turnover in the global avifauna",
abstract = "Despite its wide implications for many ecological issues, the global pattern of spatial turnover in the occurrence of species has been little studied, unlike the global pattern of species richness. Here, using a database on the breeding distributions of birds, we present the first global maps of variation in spatial turnover for an entire taxonomic class, a pattern that has to date remained largely a matter of conjecture, based on theoretical expectations and extrapolation of inconsistent patterns from different biogeographic realms. We use these maps to test four predictions from niche theory as to the form that this variation should take, namely that turnover should increase with species richness, towards lower latitudes, and with the steepness of environmental gradients and that variation in turnover is determined principally by rare (restricted) species. Contrary to prediction, we show that turnover is high both in areas of extremely low and high species richness, does not increase strongly towards the tropics, and is related both to average environmental conditions and spatial variation in those conditions. These results are closely associated with a further important and novel finding, namely that global patterns of spatial turnover are driven principally by widespread species rather than the restricted ones. This complements recent demonstrations that spatial patterns of species richness are also driven principally by widespread species, and thus provides an important contribution towards a unified model of how terrestrial biodiversity varies both within and between the Earth's major land masses.",
keywords = "niche theory, beta diversity, global avifauna, spatial turnover, environmental gradients",
author = "KL Gaston and RG Davies and CDL Orme and VA Olson and GH Thomas and TS Ding and PC Rasmussen and JJ Lennon and PM Bennett and IPF Owens and Timothy Blackburn",
year = "2007",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2007.0236",
language = "English",
volume = "274",
pages = "1567--1574",
journal = "Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "1618",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial turnover in the global avifauna

AU - Gaston, KL

AU - Davies, RG

AU - Orme, CDL

AU - Olson, VA

AU - Thomas, GH

AU - Ding, TS

AU - Rasmussen, PC

AU - Lennon, JJ

AU - Bennett, PM

AU - Owens, IPF

AU - Blackburn, Timothy

PY - 2007/7/1

Y1 - 2007/7/1

N2 - Despite its wide implications for many ecological issues, the global pattern of spatial turnover in the occurrence of species has been little studied, unlike the global pattern of species richness. Here, using a database on the breeding distributions of birds, we present the first global maps of variation in spatial turnover for an entire taxonomic class, a pattern that has to date remained largely a matter of conjecture, based on theoretical expectations and extrapolation of inconsistent patterns from different biogeographic realms. We use these maps to test four predictions from niche theory as to the form that this variation should take, namely that turnover should increase with species richness, towards lower latitudes, and with the steepness of environmental gradients and that variation in turnover is determined principally by rare (restricted) species. Contrary to prediction, we show that turnover is high both in areas of extremely low and high species richness, does not increase strongly towards the tropics, and is related both to average environmental conditions and spatial variation in those conditions. These results are closely associated with a further important and novel finding, namely that global patterns of spatial turnover are driven principally by widespread species rather than the restricted ones. This complements recent demonstrations that spatial patterns of species richness are also driven principally by widespread species, and thus provides an important contribution towards a unified model of how terrestrial biodiversity varies both within and between the Earth's major land masses.

AB - Despite its wide implications for many ecological issues, the global pattern of spatial turnover in the occurrence of species has been little studied, unlike the global pattern of species richness. Here, using a database on the breeding distributions of birds, we present the first global maps of variation in spatial turnover for an entire taxonomic class, a pattern that has to date remained largely a matter of conjecture, based on theoretical expectations and extrapolation of inconsistent patterns from different biogeographic realms. We use these maps to test four predictions from niche theory as to the form that this variation should take, namely that turnover should increase with species richness, towards lower latitudes, and with the steepness of environmental gradients and that variation in turnover is determined principally by rare (restricted) species. Contrary to prediction, we show that turnover is high both in areas of extremely low and high species richness, does not increase strongly towards the tropics, and is related both to average environmental conditions and spatial variation in those conditions. These results are closely associated with a further important and novel finding, namely that global patterns of spatial turnover are driven principally by widespread species rather than the restricted ones. This complements recent demonstrations that spatial patterns of species richness are also driven principally by widespread species, and thus provides an important contribution towards a unified model of how terrestrial biodiversity varies both within and between the Earth's major land masses.

KW - niche theory

KW - beta diversity

KW - global avifauna

KW - spatial turnover

KW - environmental gradients

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2007.0236

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2007.0236

M3 - Article

C2 - 17472910

VL - 274

SP - 1567

EP - 1574

JO - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

JF - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1618

ER -