Soluble CD40 ligand, soluble P-selectin, interleukin-6, and tissue factor in diabetes mellitus: relationships to cardiovascular disease and risk factor intervention

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BACKGROUND: High levels of the soluble fragment of CD40 ligand (sCD40L) have previously been associated with adverse cardiovascular outcomes. CD40L-CD40 interaction has been linked to the pathogenesis of atherothrombotic complications in cardiovascular disease (CVD). We sought to determine whether a "package of care" of intensified multifactorial cardiovascular risk intervention could reduce indices of platelet activation, inflammation, and coagulation in diabetes and whether patients with overt CVD would derive similar benefit compared with those without. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured plasma sCD40L, soluble P-selectin (sP-sel, an index of platelet activation), interleukin-6 (IL-6, a proinflammatory cytokine), and tissue factor (TF, an initiator of coagulation) in 97 patients with diabetes mellitus (41 with and 56 without overt CVD) and 39 comparable healthy control subjects. Thirty-six patients with and 32 without overt CVD then participated in a package of care of cardiovascular risk intervention over a period of 1 year. Plasma levels of sCD40L (P


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2524-2528
Number of pages5
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2004


  • diabetes mellitus, tissue factor, CD40 ligand, P-selectin, interleukin-6