Sociodemographic differences in myocardial infarction risk perceptions among people with coronary heart disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • AM Aalto
  • J Weinman
  • AR Aro
  • K Manderbacka
  • I Keskimaki

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

This study examines sociodemographic differences in myocardial infarction (MI) risk perceptions among people with coronary heart disease (CHD) (N = 3130). Two variables for comparative risk perceptions were computed: (1) own risk compared to that of an average person; and (2) own risk compared to that of an average person with CHD. Comparative optimism in MI risk perceptions was common, particularly among men and those with higher education. CHD severity and psychosocial resources mediated these sociodemographic differences. These results suggest challenges for secondary prevention in CHD, particularly regarding psychosocial interventions for communicating risk information and supporting lifestyle adjustments.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-329
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume12
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2007

Keywords

  • sociodemographic differences, coronary heart disease, myocardial infarction, comparative risk, risk perceptions