Social deprivation and prognostic benefits of cardiac surgery: observational study of 44 902 patients from five hospitals over 10 years

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • B Bridgewater
  • D Ray
  • M Jackson
  • BM Fabri
  • J Au
  • D Keenan
  • B Kirkup
  • BE Keogh

Colleges, School and Institutes


Objective To assess the effects of social deprivation on survival after cardiac surgery and to examine the influence of potentially modifiable risk factors. Design Analysis of prospectively collected data. Prognostic models used to examine the additional effect of social deprivation on the end points. Setting Birmingham and north west England. Participants 44 902 adults undergoing cardiac surgery, 1997-2007. Main outcome measures Social deprivation with census based 2001 Carstairs scores. All cause mortality in hospital and at mid-term follow-up. Results In hospital mortality for all cardiac procedures was 3.25% and mid-term follow-up ( median 1887 days; range 1180-2725 days) mortality was 12.4%. Multivariable analysis identified social deprivation as an independent predictor of mid-term mortality ( hazard ratio 1.024, 95% confidence interval 1.015 to 1.033; P


Original languageEnglish
Article numberb902
Pages (from-to)b902
JournalBritish Medical Journal (International edition)
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2009