Simulations of PCB assembly optimisation based on the bees algorithm with TRIZ-inspired operators

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


  • Mei Choo Ang
  • Kok Weng Ng
  • Duc Pham
  • Anthony Soroka

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Institute of Visual Informatics
  • Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • National Nanotechnology Laboratory (NNL) of CNR-INFM, Via per Arnesano 73100 Lecce, Italy
  • Sirim Berhad
  • University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK
  • Cardiff University


The process of assembling electronic components on a printed circuit board (PCB) with moving board time delay characteristic involves complex co-ordination of a component feeding system, a pick and place system and the positioning movement of the PCB board. Different component arrangements in the feeder system and different assembly paths influence the total assembly time. Reducing the total assembly time can deliver significant cost savings. In this research work, the application of simulation to component assembly enables process engineers to visualise, compare assembly paths and the arrangement of the feeders as well as to verify the total assembly time achieved. This allows the process engineers to make better decision on the planning of the PCB assembly process. The paper shows that simulation when coupled with optimisation techniques enable process engineers to make and plan improvements in PCB assembly times.


Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Visual Informatics
Subtitle of host publicationThird International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013, Selangor, Malaysia, November 13-15, 2013. Proceedings
EditorsHalimah Badioze Zaman, Peter Robinson, Patrick Olivier, Timothy K. Shih, Sergio Velastin
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013
Event3rd International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Nov 201315 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference3rd International Visual Informatics Conference, IVIC 2013


  • Bees Algorithm, optimisation, pcb assembly, simulation, TRIZ