Similar metabolic response to lower- versus upper-body interval exercise or endurance exercise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Monique E Francois
  • Matthew J Graham
  • Evelyn B Parr
  • N.J. Rehrer
  • Stasinos Stavrianeas
  • James D Cotter

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago, 46 Union St West, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9076, New Zealand.
  • School of Physical Education, Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Otago Dunedin, New Zealand.

Abstract

Purpose

To compare energy use and substrate partitioning arising from repeated lower- versus upper-body sprints, or endurance exercise, across a 24-h period.

Methods

Twelve untrained males (24 ± 4 y) completed three trials in randomized order: (1) repeated sprints (five 30-s Wingate, 4.5-min recovery) on a cycle ergometer (SITLegs); (2) 50-min continuous cycling at 65% V̇O2max (END); (3) repeated sprints on an arm-crank ergometer (SITArms). Respiratory gas exchange was assessed before and during exercise, and at eight points across 22 h of recovery.

Results

Metabolic rate was elevated to greater extent in the first 8 h after SITLegs than SITArms (by 0.8 ± 1.1 kJ/min, p = 0.03), and tended to be greater than END (by 0.7 ± 1.3 kJ/min, p = 0.08). Total 24-h energy use (exercise + recovery) was equivalent between SITLegs and END (p = 0.55), and SITLegs and SITArms (p = 0.13), but 24-h fat use was higher with SITLegs than END (by 26 ± 38 g, p = 0.04) and SITArms (by 27 ± 43 g, p = 0.05), whereas carbohydrate use was higher with SITArms than SITLegs (by 32 ± 51 g, p = 0.05). Plasma volume-corrected post-exercise and fasting glucose and lipid concentrations were unchanged.

Conclusion

Despite much lower energy use during five sprints than 50-min continuous exercise, 24-h energy use was not reliably different. However, (i) fat metabolism was greater after sprints, and (ii) carbohydrate metabolism was greater in the hours after sprints with arms than legs, while 24-h energy usage was comparable. Thus, sprints using arms or legs may be an important adjunct exercise mode for metabolic health.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalMetabolism
Volume68
Early online date26 Nov 2016
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2017