Silent Films and Strange Stories: Theory of Mind, Gender, and Social Experiences in Middle Childhood
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
- University of Cambridge
In this study of two hundred and thirty 8- to 13-year-olds, a new "Silent Films" task is introduced, designed to address the dearth of research on theory of mind in older children by providing a film-based analogue of F. G. E. Happé's (1994) Strange Stories task. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that all items from both tasks loaded onto a single theory-of-mind latent factor. With effects of verbal ability and family affluence controlled, theory-of-mind latent factor scores increased significantly with age, indicating that mentalizing skills continue to develop through middle childhood. Girls outperformed boys on the theory-of-mind latent factor, and the correlates of individual differences in theory of mind were gender specific: Low scores were related to loneliness in girls and to peer rejection in boys.
|Number of pages||15|
|Early online date||30 Nov 2012|
|Publication status||Published - 8 May 2013|