Sialylation of human IgG-Fc carbohydrate by transfected rat alpha2,6- sialyltransferase
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Colleges, School and Institutes
A recombinant IgG3 antibody with Phe-243 replaced by Ala (FA243) was expressed in a CHO-K1 parental cell line. The resulting IgG-Fc-linked carbohydrate was significantly alpha2,3-sialylated (53% of glycans), as indicated by normal- and reverse-phase HPLC analyses. Following transfection of a rat alpha2,6-sialyltransferase gene into this parental cell line, IgG-Fc-linked glycans were sialylated (60% of glycans) such that the ratio of alpha2,6- to alpha2,3-linked sialic acid was 0.9:1.0. By comparison, the wild-type IgG3 (F243) is minimally sialylated (2-3% alpha2,3-linked), thus suggesting that sialylation is controlled primarily by the protein structure local to the carbohydrate and that the two sialyltransferases compete to sialylate the nascent oligosaccharide. The additional alpha2,6-sialylation affected the function of the recombinant antibody. FA243 IgG3 having both alpha2,6 and alpha2,3-sialylation restored recognition to wild-type IgG3 levels for human FcgammaRI, FcgammaRII, and target cell lysis by complement. We discuss how sialylation linkage could modulate IgG function.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 17 Aug 2001|
- glycosylation, complement, sialylation, Fc gamma receptors, IgG