Serological Diagnosis of Infective endocarditis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

  • S Lang
  • Richard Watkin
  • F Allen
  • LV Harper
  • PA Lambert
  • Thomas Elliott

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Establishing the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) can be difficult when blood cultures remain sterile or echocardiography is inconclusive. Staphylococcus aureus is a common aetiological microorganism in IE and is associated with severe valvular destruction and increased mortality. Early diagnosis using culture and antibiotic independent tests would be preferable to allow prompt antibiotic administration. We have developed and evaluated 2 serological assays for the rapid identification of a staphylococcal aetiology in infective endocarditis. The assays measure IgG against whole cells of S. aureus and IgG against lipid S, a novel extracellular antigen released by Gram-positive microorganisms. METHODS: Serum was collected from 130 patients with IE and 94 control patients. IgG against whole cells of S. aureus and against lipid S was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Anti-lipid S IgG titres were higher in IE caused by Gram-positive microorganisms than in controls (p

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Infection
Volumein press
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004